Medical Licensing Council

Medical Licensing Council
Medical Licensing Council

Medical Licensing Council

Become a Patron!


* An Approved Medical Degree , (Lawfully Obtained from Anywhere in the World) , which is duly recognized by the Medical Licensing Council


* The RCAM Triple Doctorate Degree ; which is Fully Accredited by the Government of Biafra


* A Special Medical License , directly issued by the Government of Biafra , which has competently been held for an Aggregate Period of Not Less than 12 Consecutive Months.


* An Examination Score of at least 70% (Seventy Percent) in the MLC Entrance Examination (MLCEE).

* A Certificate of Completion of Training from the Director of the MLC Telemedicine Programme.

* IDPO Specialist Accreditation (FACS)

* RCAM Fellowship Certification

* DR(AM) Conferment


General Medical Council (GMC) Top Policy Members fired from Office . . . Ordered to vacate the GMC by the 1st of January 2009.

It is announced that most of the currently serving (Non-Presidential) General Medical Council Members have been technically fired from the General Medical Council , with effect from the 31st of December 2008 ; to enable a much more competent set of Individuals to ethically take over GMC Strategic Affairs.

Current GMC Council President , Graeme Robertson Dawson Catto , has also been technically fired from the General Medical Council , effective from the 30th of June 2009 ; to enable a far much more reputable Individual to ethically take over the GMC Presidency.

An International Public Statement on the issue , direct from the office of General Medical Council Opposition Leader Joseph Chikelue Obi , is due to be formally made within the next 96 Hours or so.

As at today , the current list of GMC Council Members is as follows :

Dr Rachel Jean Angus FRCP (GMC No. 2207720) ; elected by doctors in North England

Dr Sathiyakeerthy Ariyanayagam JP (GMC No. 3237409) ; elected by doctors in Central England

Rt Hon Kevin John Barron PC MP ; appointed by the Privy Council

Professor Dame Carol Black DBE FRCP FMedSci (GMC No. 1463864) ; appointed by Academy of Medical Royal Colleges

Dr Edwin Miles Borman FRCA (GMC No. 3159282) ; elected by doctors in the English Midlands

Mr Stephen Brearley FRCS (GMC No. 2383732) ; elected by doctors in Southeast England

Sir Michael Sydney Buckley MA ; appointed by the Privy Council

Professor Christopher John Kent Bulstrode MCh FRCS (GMC No. 2280420) ; elected by doctors in Central England

Mrs Gillian Elizabeth Camm BSc ; appointed by the Privy Council

Professor Sir Graeme Robertson Dawson Catto MD (GMC No. 1315662) GMC President ; appointed by the Council of Heads of Medical Schools

Professor William Dunlop CBE (GMC No. 0010038) ; elected by doctors in North England

Ms Ruth Evans MA ; appointed by the Privy Council

Very Reverend Graham Forbes CBE MA ; appointed by the Privy Council

Dr Alexandra Simone Jacqueli Freeman BM (GMC No. 3296060) ; elected by doctors in South & Southwest England

Ms Sally Hawkins ; appointed by the NHS Appointments Commission

Mr Stuart Heatherington JP MSc Cmath FIMA ; appointed by the Privy Council

Professor Ian Hughes BSc Pharmacology PHD ; appointed by the Privy Council

Professor Dame Janet Husband DBE FRCR (GMC No. 0380153) ; elected by doctors in South East England

Dr John Gordon Jenkins MD FRCP FRCPCH FRCPI (GMC No. 1380336) ; elected by doctors in Northern Ireland

Dr Brian Douglas Keighley FRCGP (GMC No. 1328428) ; elected by doctors in Scotland

Dr Malcolm Lewis LLM FRCGP (GMC No. 2783796) ; elected by doctors in Wales

Mr Robin Alastair MacLeod MHSM MIMgt ; appointed by the Privy Council

Dr Joan Martin DPhil FCOT ; appointed by the Privy Council

Dr Arun Daniel Midha JP BSc MBA PhD ; appointed by the Privy Council

Mrs Patricia Moberly JP ; appointed by the Privy Council

Mrs Fiona Natalie Peel OBE LLM SRN ; appointed by the Privy Council

Professor Mike Pringle CBE MD FRCP FRCGP (GMC No. 1628881) ; elected by doctors in the English Midlands

Dr Rosalind Ranson MRCGP (GMC No. 3277414) ; elected by doctors in Southeast England

Mrs Ann Robinson ; appointed by the Privy Council

Professor Robert Wayne Shaw CBE MD FRCS FRCOG MFFP (GMC No. 1414592) ; elected by doctors in the English Midlands

Mr Robert William Talbot SlackFRCS (GMC No. 2374073) ; elected by doctors in South & Southwest England

Dr Peter Brian Terry MD FRCSE FRCOG (GMC No. 1350414) ; elected by doctors in Scotland

Dr Nicola Jane Toynton FRCGP (GMC No. 2827351) ; elected by doctors in South & Southwest England

Dr Joan Mary Trowell FRCP (GMC No. 0768317) ; elected by doctors in Central England

The above list is totally different from the one below ; which currently shows, in alphabetical order, the details of the Medical and Lay Members of Panels which adjudicate on the GMC's Fitness-to-Practise Cases.

Both Lists are very important indeed - as they ethically assist in the early detection of any Sycophantic Ass-Lickers ; most especially those ones whose published names repeatedly pop up within the New General Medical Council.


Mr Mohammad Almas Abbasi BA LLB (Punjab University, Pakistan) MA Sociology (Sheffield Hallam University), Lay
Lay member, Employment Tribunals (Sheffield).
Part-time C.E.O. Rotherham Diversity Forum.
Management Committee Member, Rotherham Community Safety and Advice Centre.
Member Labour Party.
Lay Member, Professional Conduct Committee of British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy.
Member, GMC Investigation Committee.

Dr Dianne Aitken MB BS MRCGP DRCOG, Dip Ther, Medical
General Practitioner. Professional Director for GPs, Lambeth Primary Care Trust (PCT)

Mr Brian Alderman MB ChB FRCOG MAE, Medical
MB., ChB. University of Liverpool.
Fellow of the Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists.
Emeritus Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Wirral Teaching Hospital NHS Trust.
Emeritus Clinical Lecturer in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Liverpool.
Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board Partner.
Former Regional Advisor to the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.
Member of the Academy of Experts.
Member of the Gynaecological Visiting Society.
Trustee of Wirral Postgraduate Education Centre.
Former Chairman of Wirral Division of the BMA

Mr Munther Ibrahim Al-doori MB ChB PhD FRCS FRCS (Ed) FRCS (Glasg) FACS, Medical
Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. Fellow of the Royal College of Physcians & Surgeons of Glasgow. Ex-Member of the Standards Committee of the Vascular Society UK. Ex-Vascular Regional Adviser for Yorkshire Deneary. Ex-member of the Council of the Vascular Society - UK. Member of the Vascular Society - UK. Member of the Association of Surgeons of GB & I. Member of the Association of Endocrine Surgeons. Chairman of BMA - Huddersfield Division. Chairman of BIDA - Huddersfield Division (previously ODA). Member of the Iraqi Medical Association - UK. Member of the Arab Medical Association - UK. Visiting Professor University of Baghdad. Fellow of the American College of Surgeons. Member of the European Vascular Society. Ex-Member of Quality Assurance - Royal College of Surgeons of England. Member of Intercollegiate Board in General Surgery. Member of Huddersfield Medical Society. General
Surgery: Vascular/Endocrine. Consultant General & Vascular Surgeon at Huddersfield Royal Infirmary. Senior Clinical Lecturer, University of Leeds. Teaching under/postgraduate students.

Dr Sebastian Alexander MBChB MRCGP AFOM DRCOG Dip.Med Ac, Medical
Full-time general practitioner in Cambridge. Occupational Health Physician to: Marshall Aerospace Ltd. Medical Director, CAMDOC (Cambridge Doctors on Call). Member: Faculty of Occupational Medicine, RCGP, MDU, British Medical Acupuncture Society. Previously: Professional Executive Committee, Cambridge City and South Cambridge Primary Care Trust; NCAS Assessor. National Clinical lead (Clinical Safety Officer), Connecting for Health.

Ms Gill Anderson JP, Lay
Royal Courts of Justice – Race Relations Assessor. Justice of the Peace, past Court Chairman, past Probation Board Chairman, past Central Probation Council Member and past County Magistrates’ Association Chairman. OFSTED school inspector (retired). Past non-executive member of area Health Authority. Member of Royal Society of Medicine, Member of Magistrates' Association. Past school governor. Member of English Speaking Union.

Dr James David Anderson MB BS (1963, Lond) FRCA (1969), Medical
Anaesthetics. Associate Specialist, Burton Hospitals NHS Trust. Recent Chief Exec, Consultant Anaesthetist. Member: BMA, MDU, Association of Anaesthetists. Fellow of Royal College of Anaesthetists. President, Friends of Burton Graduate Medical Centre.

Mr Peter John Andrews LLB D.CRIM Barrister (Queen's Counsel), Lay
Barrister (Queen's Counsel) in private practice (catastrophic personal injury & clinical negligence litigation). Bencher of Lincoln's Inn. Deputy High Court Judge (Queen's Bench Division). Recorder of the Crown Court. Contributing Editor to Kemp & Kemp: The Quantum of Damages, published by Sweet & Maxwell. Member: Professional Negligence Bar Association. Member: Personal Injury Bar Association.

Mr Ijaz Ashraf MBE JP FRSA, Lay
Human rights and equalities campaigner, former Chair of Central Scotland Asian Cultural and Educational Project, Race Equality Officer with West Edinburgh Multicultural Organisation (Edinburgh), former Chair, Director Central Scotland Racial Equality Council (Falkirk), Member of the Chief Constable Racial Lay Advisory Forum (Stirling), Lay Member of the Employment Tribunals (Edinburgh), Independent Assessor for the Public Appointments, Presiding Justice of the Peace (Falkirk Commission area), Member of the Justice Advisory Committee. From 1st September 2007 Member of the Scottish Commission for the Regulation of Care, Lay Professionals on the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy, former Member of the General Medical Council, Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.

Ms Valerie Atkinson MA Hons (First-Class) Politics - Modern History Glasgow University, Lay
Member of Advisory Board "Generation Scotland" [Genetics]. Member of Board NHS Quality Improvement, Scotland. Lay Member of the Office For Judicial Complaints Review Body. Chair Glasgow Revertory Company (Charity).

Mrs Ann Auchterlonie LLB Cert Ed TQFE, Lay
Director for Scotland AFASIC (UK Charity supporting children and young people with speech and language impairments, Consultant in education for children with additional support needs, member of Patient Participation Panel for the local Health Centre and member of the Association of Directors of Education in Scotland (ADES).
Formerly, Member - Scottish Qualifications Authority Advisory Council; Member, Scottish Further Education Funding Council; Member, BBC Scotland, Broadcasting Council and Chair of the Educational Broadcasting Council. Retired local authority Senior Education Officer.

Dr Stephen Austin MB BCh FCARCSI FRCA DICM BSc MPhil, Medical
Consultant Anaesthetist. Intensive care medicine. Member: Intensive Care Society, Northern Ireland Intensive Care Society - Council member. European Society of Critical Care Medicine, British Medical Association. Medical Protection Society. Fellow, Royal College of Anaesthetists.


Dr Syed Babar D Av Med, FRCS, LLM (Med Law), MRCGP, Medical
Vascular Surgeon; Senior Medical Member, Tribunals Judiciary

Mrs Jane Patricia Bacon LLB (Hons) RM ADM RGN Barrister-at-Law, Lay
Practicing Barrister-at-Law. Membership of Middle Temple, Family Law Bar Association and Midland circuit. Formerly practised as a Midwifery sister and Registered Nurse with experience both in the hospital and community settings.

Dr Franklyn Baker JP MBChB MRCGP, Medical
Justice of the Peace sitting for the Greater Manchester Commission Area. Bench Appraiser for Bury Magistrates' Court Bench Training and Development Committee. Panel Member sitting on the Fitness to Practise Committee Panels of the Nursing and Midwifery Council. Panel Member sitting on the Fitness to Practise Committee Panels of the Health Professions Council. Panel Member sitting on the Fitness to Practise Committee Panels of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy. Medical Assessor to Fitness to Practise Panels of British Psychological Society. Medical Panel Member sitting for The Tribunals Service. Independent Member of the Oldham Metropolitan Borough Council Standards Committee. Member of the Royal College of General Practitioners. Member of Magistrates Association. Member of the Bolton Medical Society. Member of the Medical Defence Union.

Mrs Margaret M Bamford OBE, MA (Hon), BA, Lay
Formerly, Head of Adult Services West Sussex County Council and Assistant Director Eastern Health and Social Service Board, Northern Ireland. Currently: Non-Executive Director West Sussex Primary Care Trust. Chair, Worthing Citizens Advice Bureau. Chair, 'Leaves of Hope for Belarusian Children'. Previously has held management committee positions in Charitable organisations in Britain and Northern Ireland.

Dr Ann Barker BA MA PhD, Lay
Complaints Commissioner of the Bar; Standards Board of the Bar Council; Chairman, Ashley Gardens Management Company Ltd.; JP, City of Westminster Magistrates Court.

Mrs Fiona Barnett LL.B (Hons); Solicitor of the Supreme Court; Higher Courts Advocate (criminal proceedings); Accredited Mediator, Lay
Senior Associate Solicitor, Walker Morris Solicitors, Leeds
Formerly Crown Prosecution Service West Yorkshire - Divisional Crown Prosecutor

Mr Ralph R Bergmann JP LLB, Lay
Magistrate: Haringey Magistrates' Court. Presiding Chairman: Haringey Youth Panel. Committee Chairman: Union of Orthodox Hebrew Congregations. Chairman: Board of Governors, TTCM School. Vice-Chairman: Communal Liaison Committee. Member: Hackney Children and Young People's Scrutiny Commission. Member: Hackney Standing Advisory Council on Religious Education.

Dr Ian Berry BSc MB ChB MRCPsych, Medical
Consultant in Psychiatry of Old Age, NHS Ayrshire and Arran. Designated Medical Practitioner (Second Opinion Doctor) - Mental Welfare Commission for Scotland. Medical Member - Mental Health Tribunal for Scotland. Member - Royal College of Psychiatrists, British Medical Association, Medical and Dental Defence Union of Scotland.

Dr Kumbakonam Srinivasachar Bhanumathi MB BS DA Primary FFARCS, Medical
Retired General Practitioner. Chairperson of Women Doctor's forum of BIDA. President of Kannada Balaga UK and Vice Chairman of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Manchester (both regd charitable organisations). Former Chairman of Tameside BMA and Glossopdale PCG. Member BMA, BIDA and Medical Women's Federation.

Mr Sanjoy Bhattacharyya MBBS, FRCS (Eng), FCEM, Medical
GMC - PLAB Osce Examiner. PMETB - Medical Member of Appeals Panel. College of Emergency Medicine - MCEM Examiner. RCS England - MRCS Pt III Examiner. East Lancashire Trust - Clinical Operations Director (Ed & VCC). RCS England - Fellow. CEM - Fellow. MPS - Member. BMA - Member. Associate tutor for International Medical Graduates.

Dr Graham Bickler BA MB BS DCH DRCOG MRCGP FFPHM MSc, Medical
Member: Medical Defence Union. Fellow: Faculty of Public Health of The Royal College of Physicians. Member: Labour Party. Regional Director SE Health Protection Agency.
Interests: Public Health Policy, Governance, port health, public health law.

Mr James Black Dip. Soc. Wrk, Lay
Lay Member : Mental Health Review Tribunal. Lay Member : Care Standards Tribunal. Chairman - DISC (Voluntary Organisation). Chairman - NEPACS (North East Prisoners' After Care Society - Vol. Org).

Ms Liz Boait BSc MSc PGCE, Lay
Chair West Gloucestershire PCT 2002-2006; Non executive Director Gloucestershire Health Authority 1998-2002; Associate Post Graduate and MBA Tutor, Business Schools, Oxford Brookes and Birmingham Universtities; Former member and Deputy Leader Gloucestershire County Council 1989-2005; Director, Word on the Street Ltd; Liberal Democrat

Mr Kwasi Amponsah Boateng BA (Hons) Dip Arch MSc RIBA NOMA, Lay
Kwasi is a chartered architect and development planner. He is a design champion for the Government's Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment. Board member of Croydon People's Housing Association. Past Chair of the Society of Black Architects. Kwasi is active in architectural education through serving on the Royal Institute of British Architects' Schools Visiting Panel and taught in universities in the United Kingdom, Ghana, South Africa and United States. Visiting Fellow in Development Planning at South Bank University. Kwasi is a Parent Governor at Parish Church, Croydon and Trustee of One World Week. He plays cricket, basketball, table tennis and lives in Thornton Heath with his wife Naa Adei and their three children.

Mr Paul Bompas QPM, BA (Hons), Cert Ed, Lay
Non-Executive Director Poole Primary Care Trust until 30.09.06. Member Asylum & Immigration Tribunal. Lay Member Employment Tribunal. Dorset Board Member National Probation Service. School Governor.

Mrs Margaret Booth MA (Oxon) Certificate in Statistics, Lay
Supervisor (voluntary) Oxford Citizens Advice Bureau. Formerly Non-executive Director Oxfordshire Community Health NHS Trust. Statistician Department of Health. Member Oxford City Patient and Public Involvement Forum, Oxfordshire Community Health Council.

Mrs Catherine Boyd BA (Hons) Modern History, PG Diploma Management, CMgr, Lay
Director of Axient Consulting Ltd, Fellow: Chartered Management Institute, Lay Member Professional Conduct Committee, General Chiropractic Council.

Mr Colin Breed MP ACIB, Lay
Member of Parliament, South East Cornwall (Liberal Democrat). Interests: Medical Ethics.

Mrs V Brickley LLB, Lay
Qualified Nurse 1981-1998
Magistrate 1998-2004
CAB Adviser
Independent Member of Eastleigh Borough Council Standards Committee

Mr J Brown CBE, Lay
Non-Executive Member of Board of Health Protection Agency. Member, Scottish Health Protection Advisory Group. Chairman, British Heart Foundation Scotland Advisory Group.

Mr M Brown B.A.(Dunelm), JP, Lay
Member of the Law Society. Magistrate. Dep. Ch. Appeal Committee of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants. Lay Member of Governing Council of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. Ch. Of Education Appeal Panels for Oxfordshire. Mental Health Act Manager for Oxfordshire Mental Healthcare NHS Trust.

Mr Vaughan Bruce Solicitor, Lay
Solicitor. Caseworker for the Solicitors Regulation Authority. Appointed as a Lay Panel member of the Professional Conduct Panel of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy. Executive Committee Member - Keighley Liberal Democrats. Executive Committee Member - Liberal Democrats Disability Association.

Dr Linda Alison Buchanan MBChB (1976, Aberdeen), Medical
General Practice. Part-time General Practitioner. Member, MDDUS. Justice of the Peace.

Mr Stuart Burton BSc (Soc), MEd, MBA Cert Ed., Lay
Former Principal of a College of Further Education and Management Lecturer. Assessor for the Association of Colleges' Beacon Awards for Further Education including the Jardine Lloyd Thompson Healthcare Award.

Ms Khairun Butt BA, Lay
Lay Associate – General Medical Council. Peer Inspector – Health Inspectorate Wales. Director – CTI Associates LTD. Independent Review Panel Member – Telford and Wrekin Borough Council. Independent investigations officer various local authorities and NHS Trusts. Formerly: Committee Member – General Social Care Council


Mr John P Campbell MA (Hons) LLB NP Advocate, Lay
Member of the Faculty of Advocates

Mr Michael Cann BA (Hons) FCIPD, Lay
Member: Family Health Service Appeals Authority Tribunal, Central Arbitration Committee, Fitness to Practice Panels (the General Dental Council) and Registration Appeals Panellist for Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. Advisor, Citizens Advice Bureau. Investigator for the Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman. Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine. Previously Non-Executive Director, Sussex Downs and Weald Primary Care Trust. National pay negotiator, Local Government Management Board. Previously, Chairman, Independent Review Panels (South East London Strategic Health Authority). Commissioner, Mental Health Act. Associate NHS Complaints Panel Convenor, Lambeth, Lewisham & Southwark PCT. Previously Sussex Board Member, National Probation Service. Fitness to Practise Panellist for Health Professions Council.

Ms Patsy Cann MSc Ed Psy BA (Hons) RGN RM RHV, Lay
Professional Background. Nurse, midwife, health visitor. Primary Health Care Facilitator. Lecturer in Health and Social Care & Psychology - Further and Higher Education. Associate Lecturer - Open University.
Current Posts: Educational Psychologist. Member British Psychological Society and Division of Education & Child Psychology,
Lay Member - British Association of Counselling & Psychotherapy Fitness to Practise Panel.
Rotating Chair - Youth Justice Board Referral Order Panels for Young Offenders.

Mrs Eileen Carr MSc Dip HSM Dip PHC JP, Lay
Trustee - BASIC (Brain and Spinal Injuries Charity). Justice of the Peace - Chair, Adult Bench, Chair, Youth Bench. Retired NHS Director.

Mr Peter Charles Catchpole BSc (Hons) MBA F Inst Mgmt FHA, Lay
FCIM; FHSM; Board member and trustee, Rett Syndrome Association UK: Business Advisor & Head of Facilities, Sussex Health Care; Lecturer & Fellow, Faculty of Health, University of Brighton.
Lay Member Nursing & Midwives Conduct and Competence Committee; Lay Member of the General Dental Council, and Inspector for performance reviews of UK Dental and Professions Complimentary to Dentistry Schools. Lay Member British Association of Psychotherapy and Counselling Conduct Committee. Non-executive Director of NHS Direct and Chair of the Audit Committee. Member of the Conservative Party. County Councillor, West Sussex County Council.

Mr Steven Kam Fai Chan JP BSc (Hons) PG Dip in Legal Practice MBCS CITP, Lay
Information Technology Programme Management Professional. Chartered Professional Member of the British Computer Society. Magistrate (Adult Court Chair). Panel Member of the Family Proceedings Court (Family Court Chair). Member of the Magistrates Association. North and West Yorkshire Courts Board Member for Her Majesty's Courts Service.

Mr Michael John Chapman JP BSc Dip Ed MEd FCollP, Lay
Honorary Fellow of Brunel University. Retired Teacher and Lecturer.

Dr Lin Sun Choong Kam Chong BA MB BCh BAO MRCPsych MBA, Medical
Consultant Psychiatrist and Medical Director, Worcestershire Mental Health Partnership Trust. Member medical director executive group, RCPsych. Chair West Midlands Medical Directors in mental health group.

Dr Julianna Y Chow MB BS BSc MRCPCH DFPHM MSc, Public Health, Medical
Public Health. Specialist Registrar in Public Health. Interested in Health Protection & Child Health.

Dr George Ka Keung Chung MBChB (Liverpool) FRCP (London) MRCP, Medical
Consultant physician and cardiologist, Yeovil District Hospital NHS Foundation Trust; Honorary consultant cardiologist, Taunton and Somerset NHS Trust; Director, Foundation training programme, Somerset Academy; Clinical adviser, Healthcare Commission; Examiner in medicine, University of Bristol

Mrs Polly Clarke MBA, Lay
Associate Caseworker Parliamentary and Health Service Ombudsman; intermittent work for Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, previously Head of Clinical Governance (interim); Member Gloucestershire GP Support Panel; Assessment, project management, training (NHS and other); Previously Non-Executive Director, Cotswold and Vale Primary Care Group.

Mrs Mary Clark-Glass BA CBE FRSA, Lay
Appointed lecturer in law in Belfast in 1974. Also broadcast on the BBC on legal/rights topics. In 1984 appointed head of the Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC) for Northern Ireland. Served as a Human Rights Commissioner, on the Commission for Racial Equality for Northern Ireland and other public bodies at a local, national and European level.

Retiring from the EOC in 1992, joined the Alliance Party's talks team, taking part in negotiations leading to the Good Friday Agreement and standing as Party candidate in the 1994 European Elections, but is no longer politically active.

Involved in Victim Support for 20 years, was, until November 2005, a national trustee and chair of Victim Support Ltd. Appointed a CBE in 1990 for services to equality.

Appointed a lay member of the General Medical Council in 1999. Now an associate serving on the GMC's Fitness to Practise Panels, member of GDC'S FTP Committee since 2003. In 2003 was appointed a lay member of the Health Professions Council. Was a non-executive director of the Royal Group of Hospitals Belfast until March 2007.

Dr Terence Collins MA FRCGP, Medical
General practitioner (retired 2007) previously GP Trainer, Examiner for the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP); currently GP Appraiser and Quality and Outcomes Framework Assessor Cumbria Primary Care Trust, KITE Standards Verifier (Palliative Care) Northern Cancer Network.
Subscription membership of the BMA, RCGP, Medical Defence Union. Fellow of the RCGP and Faculty Board member, Cumbria Faculty RCGP.
Chairman of Trustees and Honorary Medical Advisor, Hospice at Home West Cumbria; Director Hospice at Home West Cumbria Trading Company (Charity Shops).

Mr Jeremy Giles Colwill LLB MA PhD Solicitor, Lay
Dean, School of Social Sciences, Humanities and Languages, University of Westminster, London. Solicitor.
Lay Adviser, British Assocition of Counselling and Psychotherapy. Member of the Labour Party.

Mr Patrick (Paddy) Conway BA (Hons), Lay
Retired 2005 following 22 years with Community Health Council. Director and Company Secretary Local Living (NE) Ltd. Treasurer, Warkworth and Acklington Christian Aid Group Elder and Treasurer, Warkworth United Reformed Church.

Dr William G T Coppola BMBCh MA DRCOG MRCGP, Medical
General Practice. Academic Medicine. Member: Royal College of GPS, BMA, Medical Protection Society, Royal Institution of GB, Labour Party, Socialist Health Assoc. Chairman, Forest School Camps (Childrens' Educational Charity). Lecturer, Primary Care. Assistant, General Practice.

Dr Jonathan Cossar MB ChB MD FRCP & FFTM RCPS (Glasg), Medical
Core Tutor and Module author Diploma & MSc Travel Medicine (Glasgow University). Founding Fellow of the Faculty of Travel Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons of Glasgow (2006). Vice Dean, Faculty of Travel Medicine. Examiner with General Medical Council for Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) tests. Medically Qualified Panellist, Ministry of Justice.
Principal in General Practice (Glasgow: 1972-2002). Primary Care Consultant Advisor (Health Protection Scotland: 1978-2005). Honorary Clinical Lecturer/Senior Lecturer (University of Glasgow: 1993-2004). Session Clerk, New Kilpatrick Parish Church of Scotland (2002-2007).
Honorary Fellow: British Travel Health Association. Ordinary Member: International Society of Travel Medicine; Medical & Dental Defence Union of Scotland.

Dr Christine Costello DROG FRCP FRCPath, Medical
Consultant Haematologist at Cromwell Hospital and Parkside Oncology Clinic, London. PLAB examiner. Justice of the Peace. Non-executive Director, NHS Blood and Transplant Authority.

Dr Ethnea-Anne Coulson MA BM Bch (Oxon) DCH DRCOG, Medical
Member: Medical Defence Union (MDU); British Medical Association (BMA). Royal Society of Medicine (RSM). Salaried GP employed by Eastern & Coastal Kent PCT. GP appraiser and GP ClinicalAdviser to E & CK PCT.

Professor Jack Crane MB BCh 1997 Belf SR FRCPath DMJ FFPath RCPI MFFLM, Medical
Histopathology. Forensic Medicine/Pathology. State Pathologist for N.Ireland. Professor of Forensic Medicine. Consultant Forensic Pathologist. Fellow of The Royal College of Pathologists. Fellow and Council Member: British Association in Forensic Medicine. Convenor for Diploma in Medical Jurisprudence, Society of Apothecaries of London. Member of Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. Member of Forensic Medicine Committee, British Medical Association.

Ms J Crawford BA Hons (Oxon), Lay
President, Nursing and Midwifery Council (Vice Chair, Midwifery Committee), Director, The Short Term Letting Company,
Freelance consultant, Maternity Service Review & Design,
Antenatal Teacher, National Childbirth Trust.

Mr Roger Creedon CBE, Lay
Lay Member, Information Tribunal; Member of the Rules and Ethics Committee of the Solicitors Regulation Authority; Member of the Standards Committee of the Bar Standards Board; Member, Kentish Opera Council (Registered charity no 1035615)

Dr Brian Crompton MB ChB, Medical
General Practice Salaried Doctor. Medical Officer Family Planning. Member Royal College of General Practitioners. Medical Protection Society. Former Director of Clinical Governance and Medical Director, North Lincolnshire PCT. Named Doctor Child Protection. Member of British Medical Association.

Dr Michael H Cross BSc MBChB FRCA, Medical
Consultant Anaesthetist (Leeds). Cardiothoracic Anaesthesia. Fellow of the Royal College of Anaesthetists. Member : Association of Anaesthetists. Member: Association of Cardiothoracic Anaesthetists. Member: Society of Cardiovascular Anaesthesiologists. Chairman: Hospital Transfusion Committee.


Professor Kevin Dalton MB BS DFMS LLM PhD FRCOG FCLM FFFLM, Medical
Fellow of St Catharine’s College Cambridge, and Director of Studies in Clinical Medicine. Honorary Fellow of the Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians.
Forensic Consultant in Obstetrics & Gynaecology. (Formerly Consultant in Obstetrics & Gynaecology at Addenbrooke’s Hospital and in the University of Cambridge.) Visiting Professorship to Northumbria University. Member: MDU, BMA, Society of Doctors in Law, Medico-Legal Society (Vice-President). Fellow: RCOG, RSM, American College of Legal Medicine. Lay member of Disciplinary Panels at the Inns of Court.

Dr Rosemary Dargie MBChB, Medical
Associate Specialist Bone Mineral Metabolism. Glasgow Royal Infirmary. Medical Advisor: Strathclyde Student Health Service. Member: Scottish Medical & Dental Defence Union (MDDUS), Childrens' Panel (Scotland).

Dr Chinekwu Davies MBBS FFARCSI MBA, Medical
Consultant Anaesthetist East Kent Hospital Trust; Fellow: Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland; Fellow Royal Society of Medicine; Member: British Association of Day Surgery; Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland; Association of Obstetric Anaesthetists; British Medical Association. Former Treasurer Folkestone Medical Society. Medical Liaison Officer Royal Medical Benevolent Fund; Clinical Partner Circlehealth.

Dr Ian Davies MB BCh FRCA, Medical
United Bristol Healthcare Trust - Employer - Consultant. Royal College of Anaesthetists - Fellow, Specialist Advisor, Journal Reviewer. BMA - Member and Legal Negotiating Committee. Member: Medical Defence Union. Association of Cardiothoracic Anaesthetists; Society Cardiovascular Anaesthesia. Intensive Care Society. Royal Society of Medicine. American Board of Anaesthesia - Diplomat.

Mr Richard Davies BA (Hons) MA, Lay
Management Board Director, Welsh Assembly Government. Head of the Department for Public Services and Performance. Non-Executive: Regional Risk and Audit Committee of the HM Courts Service. Member: British Council Advisory Committee for Wales. Visiting Professor University of Glamorgan. FRSA, FCMI.

Mrs Sylvia Dean, Lay
Member, Employment Tribunal. Non-Exec Director, Oxleas NHS Foundation Trust. Non-Exec Director, Voice for the Child in Care. Local Government Chief Exec Officer (Retired). Ex Chair: Greenwich Joint Mental Health Panel.

Mr A K Devani, Teachers Certificate, Diploma Community & Race Relations, Graduate Common Purpose, Lay
Former Executive Director, Racial Equality Council. Member Institute of Advisors. Member Employment Tribunal, University Court, Loughborough University. Race Relations Advisor/Assessor: Home Office. Lay Professional British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy. Member East Midlands Regional Assembly. Member Sentencing Advisory Panel Ministry of Justice (MOJ). Associate East Midlands Regional Equality Consortium (EMREC).

Mr Jacques Emmanuel Devaux RMN CQSW, Lay
Retired Assistant Director of Social Services and former Non Executive Director (Area Health Authority). Former Justice of the Peace and london Borough Councillor 1994-2002. General Medical Council (Lay) 1996-2002, service on PCC, ARC, REG and IOC. Member of the NHS Security and Confidentiality Advisory Group. Adjudicator Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel. During the past ten years has served as a Trustee of three Charitable Trusts. Member of the Labour Party.

Dr Aileen Doggett MB BCh; Dip Pall Med, Medical
General Practitioner. GP Appraiser in Wales. Member: BMA and MDU.

Dr Nisha Dogra BM DCH MRCPsych MA PhD, Medical
Senior lecturer & consultant, child & adolescent psychiatry/research & teaching activities, cultural diversity & medical education. Member: Royal College of Psychiatrists Institute of Learning & Teaching, MPS.

Dr Gerard P Dolan MBE FRCGP, Medical
Retired General Practitioner. (Argyll and Clyde Health Board).
Retired General Practitioner Appraiser. (1. Argyll and Clyde Health Board and 2. Highland Health Board). Retired Hospital Practitioner (Urology). (Greater Glasgow Health Board). Past General Practice Trainer.
Past Associate Adviser in General Practice. Immediate past Chairman General Practice Education Committee (West of Scotland). Previously held post 1990-93. Past Examiner RCGP. Past Examiner PLAB. Past Chairman West of Scotland Faculty RCGP. Past Provost West of Scotland Faculty RCGP
Past Vice Chairman RCGP (Scottish Council). Past Chairman General Practice Audit Committee; Argyll and Clyde. Current member of General Practice Education Committee (West of Scotland). Membership : BMA; RCGP; MDDUS; Parish Council, St Charles’ Parish, Paisley.

Mr John Donnelly LLB (Hons 1st Class). Foundation Degree in Theology, Lay
LLB (Hons 1st Class), Sheffield University. Retired Chief Superintendent, South Yorkshire Police. Non-Executive Director - Sheffield Teaching Hospitals Foundation (NHS) Trust. Trustee - Sheffield Hospitals Charitable Trust.

Mrs Gill Dorer JP, Lay
Lay Assessor, National Clinical Assessment Service; Lay Member, Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board Appeals Panel; Lay Professional, British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy; Committee Member, General Social Care Council; Chair of Professional Conduct Committee, Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. Lay Member, Employment Tribunals; Magistrate, Sussex Western Bench. Honorary Research Fellow, University of Leeds School of Healthcare, Faculty of Medicine and Health. Reserve Standing Chair of the Continuing Care Independent Review Panel for South East Coast SHA.

Mr Roland Lee Doven MBE JP BA AKC, Lay
Freelance Consultant in Philanthropy; Justice of the Peace (Membership of the Magistrates Association); Surgery Clerk to Keith Hill MP (Membership of the Labour Party); Board Member of the Big Lottery Fund.

Dr Heather Dunn MD FRCP FRCPI, Medical
Retired consultant cardiologist. Current post: Teaching Consultant Altnagelvin Area Hospital. Examiner MRCPI. Peer Reviewer Regional Quality Improvement Authority. Fellowship, Royal College of Physicians (London & Dublin). Member, MDU. Member British Cardiac Society.

Miss Patricia Durning MD FRCS, Medical
Fellow of Royal College of Surgeons. Member of Association of Surgeons. BASO and Fellow of Endocrine Surgical Society. Examiner for the Intercollegiate Specialty Exam Board. Consultant Surgeon. Lead Clinician for Breast and Endocrine Surgery James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough.

Mr Robert Dwyer BSc (Econ) Chartered Fellow of the Institute of Personnel and Development, Lay
Executive coach, Trustee of Royal Wanstead Children's Foundation and of
Parents and Children Together, Member of the Council of the University of


Dr Margaret Elliot MBChB FRCS (Ed), Medical
Borders Health Board: Ophthalmic Medical Practitioner. War Pensions Appeals Tribunal (Scotland): Medical Member. Retired Consultant Ophthalmologist, special interest in Medical Ophthalmology & Diabetes. Member: BMA, Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh), MDDUS.

Dr Alicia Etchegoyen MB ChB FRCPsych, Medical
Healthcare Commission: Inspector for Joint Area Reviews, Inspector for Youth Offending Teams, Clinical Associate. Royal College of Psychiatrists: Joint National Director Flexible Training and Working. British Institute of Psychoanalysis: Retired Psychoanalyst and Child Analyst. Central and North West London Mental Health Trust: Retired Consultant Child and Family Psychiatrist. Governor Central & North West London Foundation Trust. Professional Assessor, National Clinial Assessment Service.

Ms Jane Everitt BA (Hons) History Dip Management Studies. Solicitor, Lay
Solicitor (non-practising) 1989. Non-Executive Director Derby Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (1998-2005). Lay Member of Family Health Services Appeal Authority (2002- ), General Social Care Council (2003- ) and Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008-)


Dr Gillian Fairfield MBChB MPH MBA MFPH DCH, Medical
Chief Executive, Northumberland Tyne and Wear NHS Trust (October 2008). Former, Chief Executive, Rotherham Doncaster and South Humber Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust.

Dr John Fairfield MB ChB FRCA, Medical
Member of: British Medical Association, Association of Anaesthetists, Royal College of Anaesthetists, Society for Computing and Technology in Anaesthesia, Medical Defence Union. Chair of: Leeds Teaching Hospitals Local Negotiating Committee.

Dr Roger Ferguson MD FRCP, Medical
Emeritus Consultant Physician and Gastroenterologist Wirral University Hospital (Teaching) NHS Foundation Trust. Retired Hon. Clinical Lecturer University of Liverpool. Examiner in Medicine University of Liverpool. Consultant Physician and Gastroenterologist Murrayfield Hospital Wirral. Medical Advisor Coimbatore Christian Hospital,Tamil Nadu, India. Fellow Royal College of Physicians (London). Fellow Royal Society of Medicine. Member British Medical Association. Member British Society of Gastroenterology. Trustee City Ministries (Registered Charity no 1079940). Chairman Fitness to Practice Panels General Medical Council.

Dr Timothy Fetherston MBChB (Liverpool 1975) FRCS (England 1980) FRCOphth (1989), Medical
School Foundation Governor - St Anthony's Girls' School Sunderland. Consultant Ophthalmologist, Sunderland Eye Infirmary. Special Interest: Medical Retina, Accident & Emergency/Primary Care Ophthalmology, Vitreo-Retinal Surgery, Responsible for teaching medical students.

Mr Stuart Fletcher OBE, Lay
Chair Welsh Ambulance Services NHS Trust. Member, Haverford West Rotary Club, President. Governor Pembrokeshire College. President, Pembrokeshire Mind. Member, Institute Healthcare Management. Liveryman, Welsh Livery Guild.

Mr David Flinter MBA JP, Lay
Director, David Flinter Consulting Ltd. Formerly Non-Executive Director, Public Guardianship Office. Non-Executive Director, Barnet and Chase Farm Hospitals NHS Trust. Magistrate.

Dr Howard M Freeman JP MB BS FRCGP, Medical
General Practitioner (Urban). Medical Director - PCT. Senior Partner large London Group practice. Medical Director of a London PCT. JP Medical Member Family Health Services Appeals Authority.

Mr Neil C M Fyfe MBBChir MChir FRCS FRCP, Medical
Consultant Physician in Rehabilitation Medicine: Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust; Fellow: Royal College of Physicians of London; Fellow: Royal College of Surgeons of England; Member: Appeals Panel of the Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board; Panel Member: Social Security and Child Support Appeals Tribunal; Trustee and Treasurer: British Society of Rehabilitation Medicine; Member: Medical Defence Union; Member: Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge.


Mr Keith Galbraith MA FRCS, Medical
Consultant Surgeon, Ashford & St Peter's Hospitals NHS Trust. Consultant Surgeon, British Regular Army. Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Member of Association of Surgeons & Association of Coloprodotogy of GB & Ireland. Member of BMA, Medical Defence Union

Mr Sam Galbraith MD FRCS DU, Medical
Chairman - Scottish Maritime Museum. Hon Senior Research Fellow - Public Health - University of Glasgow. Fellow - Royal College Physicians & Surgeons (Glasgow). Fellow (Hon) - Royal College Surgeons (Edinburgh). Fellow (Hon) - Royal College Physicians (Edinburgh). The Labour Party. Trustee - Dewar Awards.

Dr Sarah N Galbraith MA (Cantab) MB BChir LLM MRCGP MFFLM, Medical
Consultant and Head Army Medico-Legal. General Practitioner (Non-principal). Member: FFLM (RCP), BMA, MPS. BMA MOD Civilian Consultants Representative AFC.

Dr Mark Garfield MB ChB FRCA, Medical
Consultant Anaesthetist, Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust & Nuffield Hospital Ipswich. Fellow & Past Council Member, Royal College of Anaesthetists. Member: Association of Anaesthetists, UK Intensive Care Society, European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, (USA), BMA, MPS, Eastern Area Intensive Care Group. A Freemason. Member of Doctors for Reform.

Mr Douglas de Regneville Gentleman MB ChB FRCS (Eng) FRCS (Glas), Medical
Hospital/Rehabilitation Medicine. Consultant in brain injury rehabilitation. Member: Journal Editorial Boards (Injury & Trauma), BMA, NHS Consultants Association, Medical & Dental Defence Union of Scotland. Also a member of various scientific societies in neurosurgery, brain injury & rehabilitation medicine. Fellow: Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons of Glasgow, Royal College of Surgeons of England. Past Chairman of Scottish Committee Headway (The Brain Injury Association), Chairman of the Scottish Head Injury Forum.

Mrs Susan Gilhespie, Social Work, Certificate of Qualification, Post Graduate Diploma, Applied Social Studies, Lay
Lay member: Mental Health Review Tribunal, Care Standards Tribunal, British Assn. for Counselling & Psychotherapy Adjudication Panel. Director, horticap at Bluecoat Nurseries - day service for adults with a learning disability.

Dr Rosemary Gillespie BA (Hons) RGN MA PGCEA PhD, Lay
Originally from a nursing background; senior lecturer in medical sociology and health policy at the University of Portsmouth 1991-2001; led the King’s Fund Patient Involvement Project 2001-2002; Associate Director of Education with the National Clinical Governance Support Team, NHS Modernisation Agency 2002-2005; Head of South West London, NHS Improvement Academy until December 2006; Deputy Chief Executive and Director of Policy and Research for Breast Cancer Care (Dec 2006-Nov 2007). Currently chief executive of the Roy castle Lung Cancer Foundation.

Mr Simon Gillespie MA, MBA, MPhil, Lay
1977-2000 Royal Navy. 2000-2004 Director of Operations, Charity Commission. 2004-2006 Head of Operations, Healthcare Commission. 2006-onwards Chief Executive, MS Society; Fellow, Royal Society of Medicine; Trustee/Director, Multiple Sclerosis International Federation; Trustee/Director, Neurological Alliance

Ms Wendy Golding, Lay
Chair, Housing Tribunal (LB Southwark). Chair & Panel Member Education Appeals. Educational Mediator, Independent Member, Standards Committee, London Borough of Southwark.

Dr Andrew L Goldstein MBChB MRCGP DGM, Medical
General Practice.

Dr Michael Goodman BM, BCh DPhil FRCP, Medical
Until 02.04.06 : Consultant Gastroenterologist and Physician, Pennine Acute Hospitals NHS Trust. From 04.04.06: Part-Time as above. Member: British Medical Association (BMA); BMA Medical Specialties Sub-Committee; British Society of Gastroenterology. Fellow of Royal College of Physicians of London.

Ms Jeanne Goulding BA Hons MA PGCE CQSW, Lay
Director of Education Management Consultant, Lay Committee Member (General Social Care Council), Assessor for Children Come First (National Childminding Association), ex-Head of the School of Science and Technology and subsequently Assistant Principal (Dewsbury College), ex-Ofsted Inspector. Interests: management, business improvement, education and training, childcare, modern languages.

Dr Norman Gourlay MB ChB DipRS MA MTh MRCGP, Medical
Member of: British Medical Association and Royal College of GPs. Christian Medical Fellowship. Medically qualified Panel member of Tribunal Service.

Ms Aideen Grace LLB (Hons) CPLS Solicitor, Lay
Legally Qualified Panel Member of Appeal Tribunals (Northern Ireland). Immigration Judge of the Asylum and Immigration Tribunal. Legal Member of Northern Ireland Valuation Tribunal. Non-Executive Director of South and East Belfast Health and Social Services Trust (2002-2007). School Governor. Member of The Law Society of Northern Ireland.

Mrs Ailsa Granne BA. (Hons) MRPharmS., Lay
Registered, non-practising member of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. Non- ExecutIve Director of Oxfordshire Primary Care Trust.

Mr Michael Grant BEd, Lay
Retired Teacher and formerly Advisory Consultant to I.N.T.O. (Irish National Teachers Organisation).
Lay member of the Industrial Tribunals (N. Ireland). Independent Assessor for P.S.N.I. (Police Service of Northern Ireland) Recruitment.
Lay member of the Special Educational Needs and Disability Tribunal (N Ireland).

Mrs B J Grant-Braham, Lay
Deputy Chairman - Lord Chancellor's Advisory Committee for Dorset. Magistrate - Court Chairman - Served on BTDC, family and licensing panels. Trained Appraisers.
Mayoress of Poole, 1993-1994.
Borough Councillor 1995/2003. Served on Social Services, Culture & Leisure (shadow Chair), Personnel & IT (shadow Chair), Community Safety/Crime Prevention. Education Appeals. Housing Benefits & Council Tax Review Board. School Governor 1996/2000. Member Royal Society of Medicine.

Professor Roger Green, MB ChB MSc FRCP, Medical
Physiology. Emeritus Professor of Physiology. Ex-Dean of Medicine, University of Manchester. Fellow Royal College of Physicians of London. Member: Methodist Church, Medical Defence Union, BMA. GMC Associate.

Dr Mark Richard Groom MBChB MRCGP MFOM DAvMed MRAeS (Aviation Medicine Group), Medical
Professional background: Consultant Occupational Physician. Specialty: Aviation Medicine. Member: Faculty of Occupational Medicine, Society of Occupational Medicine, Royal Aeronautical Society Aviation Medicine Group. Fellow, Royal Society of Medicine. London Medical Director for Health Management Limited.

Dr Michael Gumbley BSc MSc MB BS MRCGP DCH DRCOG, Medical
General Practice. Cardiology & Prescribing Sciences. (Formerly, member, CHD Collaborative for West Country). Prescribing & CHD Advisor for West Wiltshire PCT.

Professor Romesh C Gupta OBE MB BS MD MRCP FRCP (Edin) FRCP (Lond) MBA, Medical
Consultant Physician. Professor of Ethnicity & Health, University of Bolton. Governor - Lancashire Teaching Hospitals Foundation NHS Trust. Preston and West Lancashire Racial Equality Member of Board of Directors. Member of Medical Defence Union. Member of Equality and Diversity Forum, NCAS. Member of Equality and Diversity Reference Group (Medical Manpower), Department of Health. Specialist Advisor on Complaints, Healthcare Commission.

Member of Royal College of General Practitioners. General Practitioner. GP Trainer. Examiner for the Royal College of General Practitioners. Course Organiser in the Basildon Vocational Training Scheme. Trustee of The Queen's Nursing Institute. Chair of the Professional Executive Committee of South East Essex Primary Care Trust.

Mr Shashank V Gurjar MA (Hons) Cant MBA MRCS (Eng) MRCS (Ed) MSc, Medical
Specialist Registrar in General Surgery (South East Thames circuit).


Dr Geoffrey Hanlon MA MB ChB DCH DRCOG FRCGP, Medical
Member Leicestershire LMC. Fellow RCGP. Clinical lead out of hours services Leicestershire County and Rutland PCT. Member Medical Defence Union. Freemason.

Dr Christopher D Hanning MRCS LRCP MB BS BSc FRCA MD, Medical
Formerly, consultant Anaesthetist (interest in Sleep Disorders Med), Univ Hosp of Leicester. Formerly Honorary Senior Lecturer in Anaesthesia, University of Leicester. Advisor to Smith's Industries, UCB and Intus Healthcare. Fellow, Royal College of Anaesthetists. Member: British Sleep Society, Medical Protection Society. Secretary, Whetstone Baptist Church.

Mr Kevin Harrington BA MSc CQSW JP, Lay
Director, Kevin Harrington Associates Ltd, Management consultants.
Member, British Association of Social Workers.
Member, Magistrates Association.
Associate, Capita Strategic Children's Services.

Dr Vicki Harris MA (Oxon) MA (Michigan) FCCA PhD CDipAF, Lay
Partner Clifton Corporate Services. Director, Clifton Corporate Services Ltd. Fellow, Royal Society of Medicine; Fellow, Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, Member of the Bar Standards Board and Chair of the BSB Performance and Best Value Committee. Chairman, Taxation Disciplinary Board. Member of the Professional Conduct Committee, General Chiropractic Council. Member of the Fitness to Practise Panel, General Optical Council. Member of the Disciplinary Panel, Institute of Legal Executives. Member of the Regulatory and Disciplinary Panels, Association of Chartered Certified Accountants. Director, Institute of Jewish Policy Research. Member, Board of Management, Hampstead Garden Suburb Synagogue.

Mr Robert Hart BSc (Hons) Psychology Dip Ed Psychology Psychologist, Lay
Education Psychologist. Member, Special Educational Needs & Disability Tribunal. Member of the British Psychological Society. Member Barnardos West Midlands Family Placement Service. British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy, Professional Conduct Panel Member.

1. Retired General Medical Practitioner with WHSSB. 2. MRCGP. 3. Former Honorary Secretary BMA/Western Div of BMA Int.

Miss Karen Heenan BA (Hons) MA Cantab, Lay
Chief Executive, Charity Trustee Networks. Trustee, Getting on Board. Independent Member, Standards Committee, Surrey County Council. Independent Member, Standards Committee, Waverley Borough Council. Independent Member, Audit Committee, Surrey Probation Board.

Professor Timothy Hendra BSc (Hons) MD FRCP, Medical
Consultant Physician and Geriatrician and Deputy Medical Director, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield. Hon Professor to Faculty of Health and Well-Being, Sheffield Hallam University. Hon Senior Clinical Lecturer, Sheffield Institute for Studies on Ageing, Sheffield University. Member of: a. British Geriatrics Society; b. British Association of Stroke Physicians; c. Sub-Specialist Advisory Committee for Stroke Medicine of Joint Royal Colleges of Physicians Training Board; d. Steering Group of the National Confidential Enquiry Into Patient Outcome and Death (NCEPOD); e. Appeals Panel of the Postgraduate Medical Education Board (PMETB). Visitor for the National Clinical Assessment Service (National Patient Safety Agency). Fellow Royal College of Physicians of London. Freemason.

Dr N Hester MB ChB, Medical
General Practice (Retired 04/2001). Medical advisor to Lay Complaints Conciliator, Shropshire P.C.T. Member: Liberal Democrat Party, BMA, MDU. Freemason. Parish Councillor. Member: District Council Standards Committee.

Dr Pearl Daisy Jebaranee Hettiaratchy OBE FRCPsych FRCPsych (Hon), Medical
Current posts: Emeritus Consultant, Hampshire Partnership Trust. Associate Member, General Medical Council. Medical Member, MHRT, Ministry of Justice Appointment (1994-to date). Second Opinion Appointed Doctor, Secretary of State Appointment (1989-to date). Vice Patron, BASE (British Association for Service to the Elderly). Vice Patron of Abbeyfield. Honorary Fellow, Royal College of Psychiatrists. Member, BMA, Co-opted member of Equal Opportunities Committee.
Past Appointments: Consultant Psychiatrists, Winchester & Eastleigh Healthcare NHS Trust (retired Feb 2002). Secretary of State appointment: Mental Health Act Commissioner (1989-1998), Vice President, Royal College of Psychiatrists (1995-1997).Background Interests: Mental health, elderly care, issues related to quality of care and long-term care. Mental Health Act Reform. Discrimination and racism in the NHS.

Mrs Sheila Hewitt JP BSc (Econ) ACIB, Lay
General Practice (Retired 04/2001). Medical advisor to Lay Complaints Conciliator, Shropshire P.C.T. Member: Liberal Democrat Party, BMA, MDU. Freemason. Parish Councillor. Member: District Council Standards Committee.

Dr Ian Peter Hine JP FRCA MSc, Medical
Retired Consultant Anaesthetist. Member: BMA, AAGBI, Medical Protection Society, Herefordshire Medical Society. Board of Trustees, CLD Youth Counselling Trust. Board of Directors, The Courtyard Centre for the Arts. Justice of the Peace.

Mr Ronald William Hoile MS FRCS, Medical
General & Vascular Surgeon. Formerly Medical Director, Secondary Care Division, Care UK. NHS Consultant Surgeon 1983 – 2007. Fellow of Royal College of Surgeons of England. Fellow of Association of Surgeons of Great Britain & Ireland. Member of The Vascular Society. School Governor – King’s School, Rochester, Kent. Freemason

Mr Robert Holdsworth MA (Cantab), Lay
President, Mental Health Review Tribunal. Mental Health Act Commission : Local Commissioner. Court Examiner. Lay Panellist for Nursing & Midwifery Council. Lay Panellist for General Optical Council.

Ms Sheila Hollingworth JP MA BEd (Hons) Cert Ed, Lay
Lay Member, Fitness to Practise Panels, Health Professions Council. Lay Panel Chair, Conduct Committee, General Social Care Council. Lay Panel Chair, Dental Complaints Service, General Dental Council. Magistrate and Court Chairman. Independent Educationist Member and Panel Chair, School Appeals Panel. Lay Chair, School Exclusion Panel.

Dr Timothy Robert G Howard MB BS (Lond), LRCP MRCS, DObstRCOG, MRCGP, Medical
General Practitioner (retired). Member, Royal College of General Practitioners. Fellow, Royal Society of Medicine. Ex GP trainer, ex Director, Dorset Health Authority (non exec). Chairman Manor Cottage Care Ltd (owns Residential Homes). Member, BMA. Member. Nat. Assosc. of Prison Visitors.

Dr Paul Howell BSc MBChB FRCA, Medical
Consultant Anaesthetist - St Bartholomew's and Homerton Hospitals, London. Fellow of the Royal College of Anaesthetists. Member of the British Medical Association (BMA), President (2008-2011) Obstetric Anaesthetists Association (OAA). Member of Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain & Ireland (AAGBI).


Dr Michael Isaac MA MB BS MRCPsych MAE QDR, Medical
Psychiatry, Pathology, Research Ethics. Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR).

Dr Anthony Isaacs MA MSc BM BCh FRCP, Medical
Consultant Endocrinologist, London Medical. Former Senior Medical Assessor, MHRA. Emeritus Consultant Endocrinologist, Chelsea & Westminster Hospital. Former Honorary visiting Professor, Middlesex University. Former Head of Medical Manpower and Education Division, Department of Health. Former Senior Medical Assessor, MHRA. Member: Society for Endocrinology; BMA, MDDUS. Fellow RCP (London); RSM. Former Member of Council and Honorary Vice President, Section of Endocrinology and Diabetes, RSM. Chair of Governors, Hendon School.


Dr Andrew Jackson MB BCh BAO MRCGP DCH DRCOG Dip, Musculo-Skeletal Medicine, Medical
General Practice. Principal, General Practitioner (16 years), interest in musculo-skeletal medicine. Responsible for beginning a new Practice in Bangor, Northern Ireland (Initially single-handed). Member of: the Medical Protection Society; British Medical Association

Mr Rotimi A K Jaiyesimi FRCOG FWACS MBA LLM, Medical
Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, Northumbria Healthcare NHS Trust. Member of: British Fertility Society; The North of England Medico Legal Society; British Menopause Society; British Medical Association; Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists; Royal Society for the Promotion of Health; Medical Association of Nigerian Specialists and GPs (MANSAG); Member of Council, Hospital Consultants and Specialists Association. Partner (Medical Assessor), Health Professions Council. Mentor, RCOG Mentoring Scheme. Associate Editor, Sexual Health Matters Journal. Member, Editorial Board, Journal of the Royal Society of Health. Member of: the Eldership Team, Elim Pentecostal Church, Heaton, Newcastle.

Dr Sarah Jarvis BSc MB BS MRCGP, Medical
Member of the British Medical Association. Member of the Royal College of General Practitioners. Part time General Practitioner. GP Trainer. Member of the Medical Protection Society.

Dr Pramod Jauhar MB BS DPM FRCPsych FRCP (Glas), Medical
Visiting Consultant Psychiatrist Priory Hospital Glasgow. Visiting Psychiatrist University Health Service, University of Glasgow. Medical panellist, Mental Health Tribunal Scotland. Medical panellist, Pensions Appeals Tribunal. Member of Executive Committee, Medical Council on Alcohol.

Dr Peter Jefferys FRCP FRCPsych MB BCh, Medical
Consultant, Psychiatry of Old Age (Northwick Park Hospital - employer CNWL Foundation NHS Trust). Specialist Register for Old Age Psychiatry and General Psychiatry. Member BGS (British Geriatrics Society); MDU; Labour Party; Alzheimer's Society; MIND. Chair London S12 (Mental Health Act 1983) Approval Panel. Lay Partner Health Professions Council. Lead Second Opinion Appointed Doctor : Mental Health Act Commission. Medical Advisor Harington Horticultural Training Scheme, London N6. Medical member MHRT; Lay member General Social Care Council; Medico-legal work in respect of capacity and best interests.

Dr Michael G Jeffries BSc, MBChB DCCH, FRCGP, Medical
Fellow of the Royal College of General Practitioners. Consultant Adviser to the Royal Air Force. Member: Defence Medical Services General Practice Education Committee. Fellow Royal Society of Medicine. Member: British Medical Association.

Mr David Jenkins OBE, Lay
Chair of the National Leadership and Innovation Agency for Healthcare in Wales. Chair of the Wales Co-operative Development Centre. Chair of Opportunity Wales. Member of the Employment Appeal Tribunal. From 1983 to 2004, General Secretary of the Wales TUC.

Mr Ian Jennings, BA (Hons) Cert. Education, Lay
Former Director of Education. Consultancy work in education. FTP Panellist, Nursing & Midwifery Council. Trustee - National Children's Centre. Trustee - Nationwide Children's Research Centre.

Dr Helen Joesbury MBE FRCGP MEd D(Obst)RCOG DCh, Medical
Currently a senior clinical lecturer in the Academic Unit of Primary Care Medicine, Sheffield University. GP appraiser and PCT assessor for QoF and IM&T Des. I provide clinical advice for Primary Care Contracting (East Midlands) in its work on health inequalities. Retired as a GP principal in 2008. Previous roles include clinical advisor for the Healthcare Commission and GP advsior for the Department of Health. Member of the Sheffield faculty of the Royal College of General Practitioners.

Dr Michael Alwyn Johnson MB ChB DPH MRCGP DRCOG, Medical
Retired General Practitioner. Retired Specialist Prescriber Adult Community Drug Team Kirklees. Medical Advisor Complaints Kirklees PCT's. Advisor, NCAS. Fell & Rock Climbing Club.

Ms Maggie Jones BA (Hons), Lay
Member of the House of Lords, Chair of Circle 33 Housing Association and Board Member of Circle Anglia, Vice Chair of School Food Trust, Trustee of Shelter, Chair of RICS Ombudsman Scheme; Board Member of WRAP. Previous Director of Policy and Public Affairs at Unison. Labour Party and Unison Member.

Ms Joy Julien BSc Social Sciences, Post Grad Dip. Law MSc Race & Ethnic Relations, Lay
Lay Member: Office for Judicial Complaints. Non-Executive Member : London Legal Support Trust. Lay Assessor: Counter Police Assessment Service. Lay Assessor: National Clinical Assessment Service. Formerly: Member of the Parole Board; Business mentor, Prince's Trust; Trustee of Legal Action Group; Trustee Central London Law Centre; Director of the African Caribbean Finance Forum; Director of the Royal Courts of Justice Citizens Advice Bureau


Mrs Muktesh K Kakar MA Dip CG, Dip ILM, FFA, FAETC, Lay
Board Member, Merseyside Probation Service; Fitness to Practise Committee, British Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACPS); Ex Non-Executive Director, South Liverpool Primary Care Trust; Magistrate, Merseyside; Grant Committee, Liverpool Community Chest Fund; Bilingual Steering Committee, Merseyside Fire Service; Ex Business Advisor, Princess Youth Business Trust; Hon. Secretary, Hindu Cultural Organisation. Faith advisor Merseyside Police.

Dr Steve M B J McKie Kane-ToddHall BM BCh (Oxford ‘99) MA (Oxon) DFSRH DRCOG DipTher, Medical
Full-time GP Partner, Redcar, Teeside. Medical writing. I am currently a GP member of Redcar & Cleveland PCT's and Middlesborough PCT's joint 'South of Tees Professional Executive Committee' and their Chair of the 'Medicines Management' subcommittee. Member of the Association of GPs with a specialist interest. I very occasionally lecture at the University of Teesside. Member of the Faculty of Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare. BMA & MDU member. RCGP member.

Mrs Veena Kapila Barrister, Lay
Qualified as a Barrister (Lincolns Inn). Human Resource Manager to a Manufacturing Company since 1997 and Committee Member of Womens Indian Association. Lecturer in Law for 25 years until 2000.

Professor David R Katz MB ChB PhD FRCPath, Medical
Pathology (Immunology). Professor of Immunopathology, UCL. Editor, International Journal of Experimental Pathology. Member, Medical Protection Society; Medical Studies Committee, University of London; British Society for Immunology, British Society for Rheumatology; International Academy of Pathology; MRC Advisory Board; Pathological Society; Research Ethics Committee, UCL; Royal Society of Medicine; Society for Leucocyte Biology; Medical Academic Staff Committee Executive, British Medical Association. Representative, South Hampstead Synagogue, and Vice-Chair, Defence and Group Relations Board, Board of Deputies of British Jews; Advisory Board, Jewish AIDS Trust, Shechita UK and Three Faiths Forum. Chairman, Jewish Medical Association (UK).

Dr Christina Kenny FRCGP DRCOG DCH DFFP Dip Hlth Mgt CPGME, Medical
Medical Director and Chair of the Professional Executive Committee, Milton Keynes Primary Care Trust. GP and GP Trainer Member, Health Professions Council Fitness to Practise Committee Member, UK Council of Caldicott Guardians Honorary Secretary, Thames Valley Faculty of the Royal College of General Practitioners Member, Buckinghamshire Local Medical Committee
Member, Executive Editorial Board, Clinical Leader. Fellow, Royal Society of Medicine. Member, Medical & Dental Defence Union of Scotland. Member, British Medical Association. Diplomate, Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare.

Mrs Corinna Kershaw BA (Hons), Lay
Hearings Panel Chairman/member, General Optical Council. President, Westonbirt Association. School Governor. Conduct Committee member, The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.

Dr Naheed Khan-Lodhi MB BS DCH MRCGP, Medical
Principal General Practitioner. Member: Royal College of GPs & Medical Protection Society. Board certified in internal medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine. Member: Local Medical Committee. Prescribing locality lead for Waltham Forest PCT. Medical Director for Primecare till 31/8/04.

Dr Ananta V Kidambi DMRD FRCR (London) FFRRCSI (Dublin), Medical
Diagnostic Radiology. Consultant Radiologist, University Hospital (Hartlepool). Previously held positions: GMC Performance Assessor. Member, Ethic Monitoring Group (RCR). Vice Chairman, Medical Staff Committee of N.Tees & Hartlepool NHS Trust. Clinical Assessor, NCAA, and
Management positions previously held at the Trust: level: Clinical Director, Medical Director, Acting Chief Executive.

Dr Robin Peter Knill-Jones BChir MB MA MSc DPH FRCP FFPH FRCP&S, Dip. Sports Medicine, Medical
Formerly Reader in Epidemiology, Hon Consultant in Public Health Medicine and Chair, Part A examination for Faculty of Public Health. Regional Medical Appraiser, Appeals Service. Member Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel and Pensions Appeals Tribunal. Member: British Society of Gastroenterology, Royal Society of Med, Harveian Society of London, Society of Occupational Medicine, British Computer Society, Royal Statistical Society.

Dr Ruth Knowles MBChB MRCP MRCGP DCH, Medical
Principal in General Practice, Special Interests in Medical Education and Paediatrics. MRCGP, MRCP (Paeds). Member MDU.

Dr Surendra Kumar MB BS FRCGP, Medical
Principal General Practitioner. President, British International Doctors Association (formerly ODA). Interests: Medical Defence matters & Medico-politics. Member: General Practitioner's Committee (BMA), UK National Screening Committee (Dept of Health). Fellow: Royal College of GPs (FRCGP). Fellow BMA. Member Independent Review Panels of MHRA (Medicine & Health Care Regulatory Agency). Member of Clinical Executive Committee (CEC) of Halton & St Helens PCT. Member of Medical Protection Society.

Dr Wendy Cecilia Kuriyan MBBS FFAEM Dip in Law, Medical
Emergency Medicine Consultant, special interest in Paediatrics. Barrister - not practising. Committees: Area Child Protection, Hospital Documentation, Police Liaison, Psychiatry Liaison, Hospital & Area Major Incident Planning Groups. Sexual Offences Forensic Clinical Examiner for Adults & Children at The Haven Paddington London.

Mr David Kyle BA (Hons) Cantab CBE, Lay
Barrister (non-practising) . Formerly Chief Crown Prosecutor and Member of the Criminal Cases Review Commission. Member of the Inner Temple; Lay member of the British Psychological Society Professional Conduct Board; Lay member of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors Conduct Committee; Lay member of the Nursing and Midwifery Council fitness to practise panel.

Mr Richard Kyle BSc (Eng) CEng, Lay
Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society (FRAeS). Trustee of St Dunstan's Charity for Blind ex-Service Men and Women.


Dr Hugh Laing BSc MBBS FRCP MRCS, Medical
Senior Partner in General Practice, Consulting Endoscopist at Wessex Nuffield Hospital, Hampshire. Chief Medical Officer - Norwich Union Healthcare. Chief Medical Advisor - HSBC (Life). Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. Member of the Royal College of Surgeons.

Ms Caroline Langridge Masters in Public Policy Studies (Member Institute of Health Management), Lay
Non Executive Director Oxford Radcliffe Hospital NHS Trust 2001-2008. Vice Chair Investigation Committee. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) 2005-2008.
30 yrs NHS career, including time as a CHC Secretary, General Manager, Senior Civil Servant, DOH/NHS Executive. CHI Reviewer. Section 11 Trustee Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals Charitable Trust. Member: Institute of Health Management. Fellow RSA. Member of Labour Party. Lay Member - Judicial Conduct & Discipline Review Body. Member, Conduct Committee, Bar Standards Board.

Miss Mandie Jane Lavin LLB (Hons) MA (Medical Law & Ethics), Lay
Previously Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, Legal Director. Imperial College NHS Trust, Chairman of Consultant Appointments Panels. Member: Professional Negligence Bar Association, Medical Defence Union, Medico Legal Society, Association of Women Barristers. Chairman of Disciplinary Committee of the Association of Accounting Technicians. Member of the Association of Regulatory and Disciplinary Lawyers. Independent Examiner, the Institute of Actuaries and the Faculty of Actuaries (Scotland). Director of the Bar Standards Board, the General Council of the Bar.

Professor Thomas W J Lennard MD FRCS, Medical
Professor of Surgery. Head of School of Surgical and Reproductive Sciences (University of Newcastle upon Tyne). President, British Association of Endocrine Surgeons (2007-2009). President of North of England Surgical Society (2005-2006). Member: James IV Association of Surgery. Member: Medical Protection Society. Intercollegiate Examiner for FRCS.

Ms Alyson Leslie MA PGCE DipSW/CQSW Dip AS, Lay
Director, Callanan Leslie. Interim Manager. Researcher. Director, Davenport Vane.

Dr Lorraine Linton MA MBChB MRCP, Medical
Principal General Practice. BMA, MPS. Governor, Ripley Court School. Trustee Phyllis Tuckwell Hospice, Farnham.

Mrs Leora M B Lloyd MBA DIPCOT FRSA, Lay
Former Occupational Therapist with over 20 years management experience. Self-Employed Portfolioist from 1999 to date: Previous appointments: NHS Non-Executive Director; Lay Panellist/Visitor, Health Professions Council; Business Mentor (Voluntary) Prince's Trust. Current appointments: Lay Member, Employment Tribunals Service; Lay Member, British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy; Artistic & Creative pursuits.

Rev Robert Lloyd-Richards BA Dip Theol Dip Couns, MA, Lay
Chaplaincy Manager, Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust, Ass. Lecturer Cardiff University, Non-clinical Teacher, School of Medicine, Cardiff. Member of the College of Healthcare Chaplains, and The Association of Hospice and Palliative Care Chaplains. Member of the British Horological Institute. Vice chair of Cardiff and Vale Clinical Ethics Committe. Member of the Local Research Ethics Committee.

Dr George John Lodge BSc MB BS MRCS LRCP DPM MRCPsych, Medical
Part-time judicial member of Mental Health Review Tribunal. Psychiatry (Adult). Part-time Psychiatrist Member of the Parole Board. Formerly Consultant Psychiatrist Avon & Wiltshire Mental Health Partnership NHS Trust. Member Royal College of Psychiatrists. Member British Medical Association. Member Medical Protection Society. Fellow Royal Society of Medicine. Member Bath Clinical Society.

Dr Laura Janet Lodge MBChB LLM MRCGP, Medical
MB ChB MRCGP. Professional Background: 20 years as Principal in General Practice in mixed urban/rural group practice. Now retired. 12 years experience in general adult psychiatry. Other adjudication work : Health Professions Council. Charitable work: Secretary and trustee small local charity. Member, Royal College of General Practitioners. Affiliate Royal College of Psychiatrists. Approved under Section 12 of the Mental Health Act as having special experience in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorder. MDU. BMA. Bath Clinical Society.

Mr Stuart Lord BSc Econ, Lay
Retired civil servant, having worked mainly in the Department for Work and Pensions and its predecessors. Final post was as Director for Service Strategy and Commercial Partnerships and member of the Departmental Board. Previous posts included Director of Finance and Planning, Director of Security in the Benefits Agency, and Principal Private Secretary. On secondment as a Director in the Government Office for London, led the work of an expert group to produce the blueprint on congestion charging in London. Post retirement, served as Non-executive Director of Richmond and Twickenham Primary Care Trust.

Dr Frances Loughridge MB ChB, Medical
Full-time General Practitioner. LMC. Magistrate London Borough Harringay. Member : DLA/Incapacity Tribunal Appeal Panel.

Former Managing Director of Aluminium Corporation, part of Alcan Aluminium of Canada (1982-96) and former Non Executive Director and Vice Chairman of The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (1999-2007). Chartered Engineer, Chartered Scientist, Member of the College Court of the University College of North Wales and Independent Assessor (public appointments) for the Wales Assembly Government. Deputy Lieutenant in the County of Clwyd, North Wales.


Mrs Jane Margaret Mackay MSc RGN RHV, Lay
Chair of Mental Health Homicide Inquiries; Former nursing adviser to the Health Ombudsman; Nurse member H.M.I. Prison; Chair Governing Body, Special Needs School; Director of Caravans Trust; Trustee 1930 Nurses Fund; Panellist fitness to practise BACP.

Mrs Angela Macpherson, Lay
Housewife. Partner in family farm. Lay member of Scotland Research Ethics Committee (Scotland). General Commissioner, Inland Revenue (Ross & Cromarty). Formerly Civil Servant (MAFF), non-executive director of Highland Health Board and lay member of GMC.

Dr Ronald MacWalter BMSc (Hons) MD FRCP, Medical
Fellow of: The Royal Colleges of Physicians of Edinburgh; Royal Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Executive Committee Member of Scottish Heart & Arterial Disease Risk Prevention Group (SHARP) 2002-to present; Scottish Stroke Research Network, 2005 to present. Member of: Dundee Medical Club; Forfarshire Medical Society; British Geriatric Society; British Hypertension Society 2003-6; Scottish Society for Experimental Medicine; Scottish Society of Physicians; British Stroke Research Group; British Association of Stroke Physicians; Medical and Dental Defence Union of Scotland; Educational Development Sub-committee, MRC-POPADAD study End-Points Committee, 2000 to 2008; Stroke Council, American Heart Association 2003 to 2008; Rotary Club of Dundee Camperdown. Chairman: Education and Training Committee, British Association of Stroke Physicians 2005 to present; Clinical Practice Evaluation Committee, British Geriatrics Society 2005 to present.

Dr Peter Bernard Maguire LRCSI LRCPI FFARCSI, Medical
Consultant Anaesthetist, Daisy Hill Hospital (Newry). Member: BMA, AAGBI, MDU. Fellow of Anaethetists, Royal College of Surgeons (Ireland). Elected member BMA Council (UK & NI). Appointed member, BMA Board of Science.

Mr Humfrey Malins CBE MP MA (Hons), Lay
Member of Parliament for Woking (Conservative). Recorder of the Crown Court. Home affairs. Interests: Criminal Law, Judicial matters. Deputy District Judge. Solicitor.

Dr Sheila Anne Mann FRCPsych MB ChB M Phil, Medical
Retired NHS clinical practice July 2007 after 30 years in consultant or equivalent posts in General Psychiatry and the Psychiatry of old age. Most had academic teaching and research commitments. Member of Research Committee and of Council of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, sub dean, chief examiner, lead on validation and chair of committee on clinical governance. Honorary Fellow 2007. Former Vice-President of College. Medical Director North Essex Mental Health Partnership Trust 2001-2004. Member (present) : BMA. Member (past - when still in place) Specialist Training Authority; Delivery Board Modernising Medical Careers; Lord Chancellor's Consultation Forum. Appointed member: GMC 1996-2003.

Mrs Pamela Mansell CQSW AMDP MA, Lay
Senior Partner PMA Consultancy specialising in improving performance in public services, adviser to government bodies on safeguarding standards and regulation for both vulnerable people and children, independent panellist for the Judicial Appointments Commission, Committee for GSCC, GMC Fitness to Practise Panellist, Governor for Treloars College. Previous employment : C/E of Charity: Director of Children and Family Services - LB. Member: CIPD : Past President - Inner Wheel organisation.

Dr Martin D Mansfield MBChB FRCA, Medical
Senior Partner PMA Consultancy specialising in improving performance in public services, adviser to government bodies on safeguarding standards and regulation for both vulnerable people and children, independent panellist for the Judicial Appointments Commission, Committee for GSCC, GMC Fitness to Practise Panellist, Governor for Treloars College. Previous employment : C/E of Charity: Director of Children and Family Services - LB. Member: CIPD : Past President - Inner Wheel organisation.

Dr Harvey Marcovitch MA MB FRCP Hon FRCPCH, Medical
Medical editor/trainer. Paediatrician. Editor-in-Chief, Clinical Risk, Associate Editor, BMJ. Chairman, Committee on Publication Ethics; board member UK Panel for Biomedical Research Integrity. Director, Council of Science Editors. Fellow, Royal College of Physicians (London); Honorary fellow, Royal College of Paediatrics & Child Health.

Dr Hameen Markar FRCP FRCPsych MPhil, Medical
Medical Director/Consultant Psychiatrist Bedfordshire & Luton Partnership NHS Mental Health Trust. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (Edin). Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Associate – Health Care Commission; Medical Member - Mental Health Review Tribunal. Appointed Doctor - Mental Health Commission. Examiner – Royal College of Psychiatrists.

Mr John Matharu BSc Computer & Marketing (1983), Lay
Chairman - Leicester Schools Appeals Panel. Lay Panel Member - General Medical Council - Investigation Committee. Lay Member General Medical Council - Registration Decisions Panel. Lay Panel Member - Health Professions Council.
Lay Visitor - Postgraduate Medical Education & Training Board.
Non Executive Director - University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust. Lay Panel Member - Nursing & Midwifery Council.
Education Consultant - Current Position.

Dr Peter Mayer MA FRCP, Medical
Trustee of local and national executive Crossroads Caring for Carers. Retired consultant physician in geriatric and stroke medicine and Director of Research and Development. Health Care Commission clinical advisor. NCAS assessor. Trustee University Hospital Birmingham Charities (2008-2012). Chair. Age Concern Weoley Castle. Retiring Chair: Institute of Ageing and Health (West Midlands). President of the Institute of Ageing. Chair Governance Committee, West Midlands Local Stroke Research Network. Assistant Governor, Rotary District 1060. Member: BACOP – adviser Local Authority on older people’s services (appointed 2008). Trustee. Birmingham and District Nursing Charitable Trust (appointed 2007)
Member: Labour Party.

Dr Lisa McClelland BSc (Hons) MBBS MRCPsych, Medical
Consultant Psychiatrist working at Devon Partnership NHS Trust Exeter. Consultant UCLH, London. Independent practice at Exeter Nuffield Hospital.
Member of Royal College of Psychiatrists (MRCPsych). Chair PIPSIG (Private and Independent Psychiatrist Special Interest Group) Royal College of Psychiatry (RCPsych). Member of CPD Committee RCPsych
Member Revalidation Committee RCPsych. Member of South West Regional Executive Royal College of Psychiatrists. Member of MPS.

Dr John Robert McCluggage MB BCh M F RCGP FRCP (Edin & Ire), Medical
Formerly Postgraduate Dean & Chief Executive, Northern Ireland Council for Postgraduate Medical & Dental Education. Member: Medical Protection Society, BMA, Alliance Party (Northern Ireland). Fellow: Royal College of GPs, Royal College of Physicians of Ireland, Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh.

Miss Sheleen McCormack LLB (Hons) Barrister, Lay
Presenting Officer - General Teaching Council for England. Member of the Honourable Society of Middle Temple. Member of Association of Regulatory and Disciplinary Lawyers.

Mr Alexander McFarlane MB BS LLM FRCS MRCGP, Medical
Member: British Medical Association; Scottish Catholic Medical Association. Medical Protection Society; Conservative and Unionist Party. Fellow: Royal College of Surgeons of England. Senior Medically Qualified Panel Member (The Appeals Service) : Department of Constitutional Affairs.

Dr Philip Charles McLean MB ChB DPM FRCPsych, Medical
Consultant Psychiatrist, Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust. Fellow of Royal College of Psychiatrists. Member of BMA and MDU. Examiner for Health Cases for the General Dental Council and Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. Member of Mental Health review tribunals.

Ms Patrica McLoughlin BA (Hons) Applied Social Studies CQSW, Lay
Family Court Adviser/Children's Guardian employed by CAFCASS (Child & Family Court Advisory Service). Expert/Lay Member Care Standards Tribunal. Member of Baspean (British Assoc for the Study and Prevention of Child Abuse & Neglect).

Very Rev Professor Gordon F McPhate MB ChB MA MTh MSc MD FRCP (Edin), Medical
Dean of Chester. Visiting Professor, University of Chester. Honorary Senior Lecturer, University of St Andrews.
Royal College of Pathologists (Associate). Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (Fellow). Society of Ordained Scientists. General Medical Council (Associate). Higher Education Academy (Member).
Governor of King's School, Chester. Governor of University of Chester.
Honorary Reader, University of Liverpool.

Dr Elaine Melrose MBChB FRCOG, Medical
Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, NHS Ayrshire & Arran, with special interest in colposcopy and osteoporosis. Member various committees, Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists (2000 - date). Elder of the Church of Scotland. Member: Medical and Dental Defence Union of Scotland (MDDUS). Secretary & Treasurer: Women's Visiting Gynaecological Club.

Mr Michael Menlowe BA (University of Pittsburgh); BLitt. (Oxon); LLB (University of Edinburgh), Lay
Philosopher. Formerly Head of the School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh. Scottish Committee of the Administrative Justice and Tribunals Council. Home Office National DNA Database Ethics Group. Board of Directors, Scottish Refugee Council. Lay Member of the Royal College of Pathologists.

Mr Paul Middleton-Roy LLB (Hons), Lay
Immigration Judge of the Asylum and Immigration Tribunal; Deputy District Judge (Civil) (London circuit); Road User Charging Adjudicator (London); Member of the Law Society; Independent Member of the Armed Forces' Service Complaints Panel.

Dr Diana Evelyn Miller MB BS (1967, Lond) LRCP MRCS (1967, Eng) DA (1969) FRCA (1971) LLM (1992, Wales) FFFLMRCP 2007, Medical
Medical Protection Society.
Adviser BMA Doctors for Doctors.
Area Visitor Royal Medical Benevolent Fund..

Professor Stephen Miller BSc PhD, Lay
Emeritus Professor of Social Research, formerly Deputy Vice Chancellor, City University. Chair, Board of Directors, UK Health Education Partnership (partnership of RCN, City, Ulster & Leicester Universities) till 1.9.2006. Trustee of: The Olive Tree Educational Trust (promotes dialogue between Israeli and Palestinian students); The London School of Jewish Studies; The Montefiore Endowment. Awarded OBE in 2006 for services to Higher Education and the Olive Tree Trust.

Dr Jacqueline Mitton MA PhD ARCM FRAS, Lay
PhD in Astronomy. Author & publishing consultant. Director, Total Astronomy Ltd. Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society. Member, Conservative Party.

Dr Douglas A Moederle-Lumb MBCh FRCGP T(GP), Medical
General Practice (Urban). Member of Small Practice Association. Member of MDDUS, Member of BMA. Fellow of the Royal College of General Practitioners. Secretary to Scarborough, Whitby & Ryedale GP Medical Committee. Past President, Scarborough Branch of BMA.
Chief Executive Yorlmc Ltd.
GP Appraiser North Yorkshire and York PCT.
QOF Assessor North Yorkshire and York PCT

Dr Parimala Moodley MBChB FRCPsych, Medical
Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Chair of the Special Committee on Ethnic Issues of the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Medical member of the Mental Health Review Tribunal and Second Opinion Doctor for the Mental Health Act Commission.

Dr Anthony Morgan BSc MD FRCP, Medical
Retired consultant physician and medical director, Nottingham City Hospital. Fellow: Royal College of Physicians of London. Member: British Medical Association, Medical Defence Union. Formerly Associate: Healthcare Commission, Assessor: National Clinical Assessment Service.

Dr Lewis Morrison MBChB (Hons, Edinburgh 1992) FRCPE, Medical
Consultant Physician, General & Geriatric Medicine. Fellow RCP Edinburgh. Honorary senior lecturer. Clinical interests: Osteoporosis, Parkinson's Disease. Member MMC Medical Specialties Board, Scotland. Member of BMA UK and Scottish Councils and Consultant Committees.

Mr James Campbell Morton FCA DL, Lay
Company Director, Capital Gearing Trust plc. Director, Croft Community Ltd. Lodge steward of charities, Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free & Accepted Masons of Ireland. Fellow, Institute of Chartered Accountants in Ireland. Member of GMC 1993 – 2003, General Commissioner for Income Tax.

Dr David Murphy MBChB DRCOG FRCGP, Medical
Senior Partner Sleaford Medical Group, former GP trainer, Clinical Governance Advisor to Lincolnshire (Teaching) PCT, BMA member, Chairman Lincolnshire LMC, Fellow RCGP, Faculty Board Member, Trent Faculty RCGP. MDU.

Dr Richard Julian Antley Murrin BSc MBChB MRCP (UK) MRCPath, Medical
Consultant Haematologist, Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust. Member: MDU, Royal College of Physicians of London, Royal College of Pathologists, British Society for Haematology, Birmingham British-Russian Club.Contributed to Action on Smoking & Health (ASH). Supporter: Lymphoma Assoc, Chernobyl Children's Foundation Charities. Attended 9th Congress of the European Confederation of Medical Mycology and 7th Trends in Invasive Fungal Infections as guest of Merck Sharpe & Dohme Limited. Lectured for Gilead Sciences and Shire pharmaceuticals. Received commission for published article from Organon Ltd. International Advisor for Europe and Russia, Royal College of Pathologists.
Medical Liaison Officer, Royal Medical Benevolent Fund.

Mr Nicholas Myerson BA MB BS (Lond) MRCOG PGDip Med Ed, Medical
Current Post: Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, Bradford Teaching Hospitals Lead for Undergraduate Education. Honorary Senior Lecturer, University of Leeds School of Medicine.
Background: Member, Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists. Member Medical Protection Society. Member, Higher Education Academy; Association for Medical Education in Europe; British Society For Colposcopy - Cervical Pathology. Member British Medical Association; Honorary Treasurer, Leeds Division.


Dr Gurbinder Nandhara MBChB (Manchester), MRCS (Ed), Medical
Current Post : Specialist Registrar in Orthopaedics (North West Deanery).
Former Trustee Board Member for Leeds Housing Concern.
Member Royal College of Surgeons.

Dr Ian Neale MA BM BCh DRCOG, Medical
General Practice. Senior Partner, Dr Neale & Partners. Assessor, NCAS, Expert Advisor Complaints Healthcare Commission. Appeals Service Medically Qualified Panel Member. Elected member, Oxfordshire Local Medical Committee. Member: Chalgrove Charity Trustees, Medical Protection Society. BMA. Medical Advisor Oxfordshire Out of Hours Integrated Care Service. GMC PLAB Examiner. Out of Hours GP.
Former non Executive Director Oxfordshire Health Authority, Clinical Governance Reviewer Healthcare Commission and Local Medical Committee Secretary.

Mr Alan Nisbett BA (Hons) Philosophy, Politics and Economics (University of Oxford); MSc (Econ) University of London, Diploma in Education (Oxford); Lay
Formerly, Her Majesty's Inspector (HMI) of Further and Higher Education; currently, Independent Quality Consultant; HMI (part-time) Courts Administration, Ministry of Justice; Independent Adviser to the Prescription Committee of the Architects' Registration Board; Review Co-ordinator for the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. 'Skillsmark' Reviewer for Skills for Justice. Consultant for Foundation Degree Forward. Consultant for Employer Based Training Accreditation (EBTA).


Dr Mohammad Obaidullah MB BS FRCOG FRCGP DPD Dip Palliative Med LLM Dip Medical Humanities, Medical
General Practice. Member; Local Research Ethics Committee South West Wales, Multi-Research Ethics Committee of Wales. GP Appraiser. Independent Appeals Tribunals. Disability Living Allowance Advisory Board. Clinical Advisor Statutory Committees of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. Peer Reviewer Health Care Inspectorate Wales. Medical Assessor, National Clinical Assessment Service. Past President Rotary Club of Bridgend.
Fellow of the Royal college of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and the Royal College of General Practitioners.

Dr Niall O'Connell LLM MB BS FRCGP DRCOG DFFP, Medical
GP Woodley Berkshire 1980-2003. GP British Army, Wiltshire 2003- . FRCGP. GP Trainer. Visiting Prof in Family Practice. UBC. Vancouver 2002. Member: BMA and MPS.

Dr Toyin Okitikpi (FRSA) BA Social Policy & Administration CQSW (Social Work); PhD., Lay
Mental Health Review Tribunal. Member of Asylum & Immigration Tribunal. Member of Adventure - social work/social welfare consultancy. Member of monitoring committee - Bar Council. Researcher - Social work/Social welfare. Member of Nursing and Midwifery Council fitness to practise panel.

Dr Acha Edegbanya Jeremiah Okoko MB BS DPM MRCPsych MSc(SHU) MSc(OPEN) FMCPsych MIBiol, Medical
Consultant Psychiatrist, Bawnsley PCT. Specialty, General adult Psychiatry. Forensic Medicine. Member: Royal College of Psychiatrists, British Assoc for Psychopharmacology, BMA, Medical Protection Society, Institute of Biology. Hon Clinical Lecturer in Psychiatry, University of Sheffield. Special interest – Forensic Psychiartry.

Mr Olusola Olumide Akindele Oni FRCSed MB BS FRCSEng MD FWACS MSc FMCS, Medical
Graduate of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria (1973), MD and MSc University of Leicester, LLM University of Cardiff and Postgraduate Certificate in Health Care Management, De Montfort University. Trained at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, London, Watford and Leicester. Fellow of the Colleges of Edinburgh, West Africa, Nigeria and England. College Examiner (RCSEdinburgh). Formerly College Tutor (RCSEngland). Formerly Senior Lecturer in Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Leicester. Appointed NHS Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon in 1990. Retired early into fulltime private practice 2004. Elected member of the GMC 1999-2003; now GMC Associate. Medically Qualified Panel Member, Appeals Board. Consultant Specialist Member, Police Appeals Board.

Dr Kao Hua (Colin) Ooi MBChB (Glas) DCH DRCOG Dip, Medical
Principal GP, Locality GP lEAD, NHS Lanarkshire, Member: Disability Appeal Tribunal, Rotary Club. GP Appraiser & Practice Accreditor; Tribunal Regional Medical Appraiser; University of Glasgow Tutor, Accredited Medical Acupuncturist.

Dr Josephine Owen-Jones MSc MBBS MRCGP DRCOG, Medical
General practitioner. Also GP appraiser, QOF assessor. Clinical assessor for NCAS. BMA member. MDU.


Dr Shiv Kumar Pande MBE JP MB BS FRCGP DL MS, Medical
Hon. Senior Lecturer - School of Health, John Moore University, Liverpool. Part-time GP (General Practice). General Secretary, Indo British Assoc (North). Chairman, Mersey Faculty Board Royal College of GPs. Member: Media/Medics Assoc of Broadcasting Doctors. Patron & Honorary Director, Assoc of Mentally Infirm Elderly (Liverpool). Past Non-Exec Director, Hornby Housing (Liverpool). President (1999-2001), British Medical Assoc (Liverpool Division). Associate Member, Medical Journalists Assoc. JP, Magistrates Courts Liverpool. Past National Chairman, British International Doctors Association. Elected GMC Member 1994-2003 (June). Elected Treasurer GMC 1999-2003 (June).

Dr Hasmukh Patel MBBS FRCP(Lon & Ed) FRCPCH DCH, Medical
Consultant Paediatrician, Dartford, Kent. President of Northwest Kent Postgraduate Medical Association, Dartford. Fellow of Royal Colleges of London, Edinburgh and Child Health. Member of Medical Protection Society. National Clinical Assessment Service Assessor. Previously: Associate Dean of Postgraduate Medicine, South Thames Region; Chair of South Thames Paediatric Specialty Committee; GMC Performance Assessor.

Mr William Payne, Lay
Former Miner; N.A.C.O.D.S. Branch Secretary & Area Trustee; Justice of the Peace; School Governor. Currently: Lay Member Employment Tribunals (Sheffield); Self-employed Businessman; Member of Labour Party.

Sir James Perowne KBE
Retired Admiral - Chairman Midlands and Eastern Region Consumer Council for Water. Member Min of Justice. Judiciary Review Board. President of Royal Navy Benevolent Society for Officers. President of Association of Royal Navy Officers. President Submariner's Association, Chairman James Caird Society, Trustee British Forces Foundation.

Dr Malcolm Phillips MD FRCP, Medical
Fellow, Royal College of Physicians of London. Member: British Medical Association. Member: Medical Defence Union. Council member West London Medico-Chirurgical Society (President 2005-6). Medical Adviser Polycystic Kidney Disease Charity. Professional Adviser Health Service Ombudsman's Office. Practice: Consultant Physician & Nephrologist Clementine Churchill Hospital, Harrow. Consultant Physician & Nephrologist (Honorary) Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust.

Dr Peter Phillips MBChB DCH DRCOG MRCGP F P Cert, Medical
General Practice. Primary Care. Principal GP, Giffords Medical Practice (Melksham). Exec member, Wiltshire LMC. Member: Royal College of GPs, BMA. Senior RMO RHT/Northern Racing. Member of the MDU.

The Very Rev John Philpott Univ Lond Kings College: BD & AKC. Univ of Kent at Canterbury: MA (Applied Theology Medical Ethics), Lay
Parish Priest (Retired but active). Chairman of Governors, Dover Grammar School for Girls & Guston Church of England Primary School (Dover). Member of Rotary. Old Pharosian. Pianist & Organist.

Mrs Sarah Pond MA, Lay
Board Member, London Travel Watch (2007- ). Trustee, Hillingdon Carers (voluntary organisation affiliated to Princess Royal Trust). Member: Patient Link (patient participation group, Harefield Health Centre). Former Chair, Hillingdon Primary Care Trust (2000 – 2006).

Mr Andrew Popat CBE LLB (Lond) LLM (California) Barrister Crown Court Recorder, Lay
Crown Court Recorder. Part-time Judge. Barrister. Chair hearings of Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeals Panel. Panel member on the fitness to practise panel of the General Dental Council. 2003-2007 Council member and co-chairman of the Professional Conduct Committee Section of General Osteopathic Council.


Dr S A Qureshi BSc MB BS DLORCS, Medical
GP/ENT Surgery specialist. Refugee GP Tutor, London Deanery. GP Appraiser, Ealing PCT. Master Freemason. Diplomat, Royal College of Surgeons (London). Chairman, Southall Primary Care Commissioning Group. Member, Primary Care Commissioning Group, Ealing PCT. Member, Local Commissioning (PbC) Steering Group, Ealing PCT. Member, Local Commissioning (PbC) Steering Group, Ealing PCT. Teacher and Examiner 3rd year medical student Imperial College London. Governor, Ealing Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London.


Dr Peter Rabey MBChB, FRCA, Medical
Assistant Medical Director, University Hospitals of Leicester. Fellow of Royal College of Anasthetists. Medical Protection Society (Member). Vascular Anaesthetists Society of Great Britain & Ireland (Member). Governor Frisby Church of England (controlled) Primary School. Member: Hospital Consultants and Specialists' Association.

Dr Bhogi Rao MB BS FRCGP DFFP, Medical
Principal general practitioner Solway Health Services Workington in Cumbria - awarded QPA RCGP; Fellow of Royal College of General Practitioners; Fellow of Royal Society of Medicine; Trainer West Cumbria Vocational Training Scheme; Educational Committee Member and Treasurer of Cumbria Faculty of RCGP - GP Assessor Quality and outcomes framework Cumbria PCT; Member of Performance Review Quintet Cumbria PCT; GP Appraiser Cumbria PCT.

Mr Anthony Robert Rawsthorne MA, Lay
Former Senior Clerk, House of Lords. Former Commissioner, HM Customs & Excise.

Mrs Linda Read BA (Hons), Lay
Chairman of the Nursing and Midwifery Council's Fitness to Practise Panels. Member of Disciplinary Panel, Architect's Registration Board.
Lay Reviewer of Invited Review Mechanism, Royal College of Surgeons.
Foundation Member, Papworth Hospital.

Mr Andrew Reid LLB JP, Lay
Director, Pecksniff's Ltd. Member: Prescription Medicine Code of Practice Authority Appeal Board. Justice of the Peace. Member, Magistrates' Association Executive Committee, West Sussex Branch. Formerly: Criminal Defence Barrister; British Council Country Director, Taiwan; CEO Powco, Vietnam.

Dr Jean Ann Rennie MB ChB, Medical
Retired General Practitioner. Member BMA, MDDUS. Trustee Society for Companion Animal Studies.

Dr Clive Richards MB ChB (Bristol) FRCGP FFPH, Medical
Consultant in Public Health Medicine, Nottinghamshire County Teaching Primary Care Trust. Member: Medical Protection Society; Nottingham Medico Chirurgical Society; British Medical Association. Fellow of the Royal College of General Practitioners; Fellow of the Faculty of Public Health. Vice Chair, Nottingham Hospitals Ethics of Clinical Practice Committee. Member, National DNA Database Ethics group.

Dr Andrew Riley MBChB MRCGP DRCOG FFPHM, Medical
Public Health Medicine. Director of Public Health & Exec Director, Borders NHS Board. Principal GP (5 years). Sub-specialty, Communicable Disease Control & Environmental Health. MRCGP, Fellow of Faculty of Public Health.

Dr Keith Rix BMedBiol, MPhil, MD, CBiol, MIBiol, MAE, FEWI, Medical
Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist, Cygnet Hospital, Wyke. Visiting Consultant Psychiatrist, HM Prison, Leeds. Past President, Leeds & West Riding Medicolegal Society, Fellow of The Royal College of Psychiatrists. Recently reserve, and past, Examiner and Observer, MRCPsych Exams. Professional (Subscription) Membership of: Royal Society of Medicine. Professional Memberships (by qualification or examination): a. Academy of Experts; b. Expert Witness Institute; c. Institute of Biology. Member MDDUS. Practising Anglican.

Dr Iain Robertson OBE DL BSc MD FRCOG, Medical
Consultant Gynaecologist, Fellow of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Member of BMA and MDU. Commander of St John Lancashire, Deputy Lieutenant for Lancashire, Rotarian.

Mrs Susanne Roff BA (Hons) MA, Lay
Medical Sociology. War Pensions Agency expert witness. Scottish Lay Member: Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board (PMETB). Vice Chair Tayside Research Ethics Committee. Public interest member, Regulation and Compliance Board of Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland

Mr Martin Ryder BA, Lay
Lay Member: Residential Property Tribunal Service; Chairman, Fitness to Practise Panel - Health Professions Council; Appeals Panel - Post Graduate Medical Education & Training Board.


Mr Shanti Sagar MB BS FRCS (Ed) FRCS, Medical
Surgeon/Gastrointestinal. Chairman of the Wirral Multicultural Organisation. Past Chairman British International Doctors Association (Wirral Division). Past member of Surgical Section of British Society of Gastroenterology. Clinical Lecturer University of Liverpool. Consultant Surgeon, Wirral Hospitals NHS Trust. Consultant Surgeon, BUPA Murrayfield Hospital. Chair of the Wirral Asian Association.

Dr Ash Samanta MD FRCP, Medical
Rheumatology. Consultant Rheumatologist, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust.

Mr Peter Samuel FRCSE, Medical
Consultant ENT Surgeon. Full-time NHS. Fellow Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh. Member of Royal Society of Medicine. Medical member of Medical Appeals Tribunal 2001-2005. Past member of Local Review Committee for Frankland Prison. President, North of England ENT Society (2006-2008). Clinical Director 2000-2004. Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists.

Ms Evis Samupfonda, LLB Hons Barrister, Lay
Lawyer; Chairman : Residential Property Tribunal Service; Merton & Sutton Mediation Management Committee. Director - Mediation Plus. Mediator. Lay member Nursing and Midwifery Council Fitness to Practise Panel.

Dr Ochuko Maurice Sanomi MBBS FRCS MRCGP DFFP PgDL Pg CERT TPC, Medical
Member Royal College of General Practitioners. Fellow Royal College of Surgeons (Ed). Member - Local Medical Committee. Member Local Research and Ethics Committee. Medical Defence Union Member. Student Member of Law Society of Great Britain. GP Tutor - London Deanery. Quality and Outcomes Framework assessor - Havering PCT. GP appraiser Havering PCT.

Dr Sameer Sarkar MD LLM, Medical
Member, The Royal College of Psychiatrists. Member, Ethics Committee, The Royal College of Psychiatrists. Member, Medical Protection Society. Member, Ethics Group, National DNA Database (MDNAD). Partner, Postgraduate Medical Education & Training Board (PMETB). Consultant Psychiatrist, in full-time private practice.

Dr Theo Schofield OBE, FRCP, FRCGP, Medical
General Practitioner, Shipston on Stour, Warwickshire, Retired April 2007. OBE, FRCP (London), FRCGP. Past Lecturer in General Practice, University of Oxford, and Council Member and Chair of the Quality Network, Royal College of General Practitioners. Trustee, Education for Health, and Age Concern, Shipston on Stour.

Dr Kenneth Scott MD FRCPath, Medical
Rtd. Consultant Pathologist: a. Royal Wolverhampton Hospitals NHS Trust; b. HM Coroners, Wolverhampton, Walsall, Staffordshire, Shropshire. Lately Chief Executive Clinical Pathology Accreditation (UK) Ltd. Fellow Royal College of Pathologists. Member : Association of Clinical Pathologists (past President)

Mr Ian M Semmons MBA, Lay
Director, North Norfolk Railway. Chairman: Action on Pain (Reg Charity: 1088789). Appeals Board Member - Corgi - Gas Safety Regulator.

Dr Dare Seriki MBChB (Leeds) MRCP FRCR, Medical
Interventional Radiology. Specialty: Radiology. Member: Royal College of Physicians (Edinburgh), Royal College of Radiologists, Cardiovascular & Interventional Radiologists. Interests: Manchester United Fan, Chess, Computers & Travel.

Dr Michael G Sheldon MB BS FRCGP MICGP BA Dip Theol, Medical
GP (urban, previously rural). Appraiser. Medical member: FHSAA (Family Health Services Appeals Authority). Fellow of the Royal College of GPs. Chairman of The Whole-Person-Health Trust (Registered Charity No: 1098671). Member of Church of England Deanery Synod, Tower Hamlets, London.

Mrs Elisabeth Shend'ge DipCOT, Lay
Justice of the Peace, Brent Bench; Disability Qualified Panel Member, The Appeals Service; Member, British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy Professional Conduct Panel. Formerly: State Registered Occupational Therapist, Manager in Social Services; Member, College of Occupational Therapy’s Ethics Committee; Member, Disability Living Allowance Advisory Board; Member of various NHS Disciplinary Committees; Conciliator and Trainer for NHS complaints; Member, Special Needs Committee of The Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).

Mrs Ann Shirley BSc (Hons) PGCE, Lay
Lay Member of Council - The College of Optometrists ; Lay Member - Employment Tribunal Service. Chartered FCIPD. Member Standards Committee, North Norfolk District Council.

Dr Fiona Sim BSc (Hon) MB BS MSC LLM FFPHM FRCP, Medical
Co-ordinator, London Teaching Public Health Network, LSHTM; Hon Senior Lecturer, UCL; GP; Editor 'Public Health'; Trustee, Royal Society for Public Health; Board Member, Faculty of Public Health, and of Public Health Register; Member Advisory Council, Jewish Association for the Mentally Ill (JAMI).

Mr Arnold Simanowitz Dip Law (SA) Solicitor, Lay
Solicitor, former Chief Executive of Action for Victims of Medical Accidents (now Action Against Medical Accidents), former Chair of Croydon Community Relations Council; Member Clinical Risk and Safety Board Connecting for Health, Trustee, St Wilfred's Hospice.

Dr David M Sinclair BSc MBChB MRCGP DRCOG, Medical
General Medical Practice. Member: BMA, RCGP, Board of Science and Education, BMA. Honorary Senior Lecturer, Saint Andrews University.

Professor Iqbal Singh MBBS MRCP FRCP Dip Rehab, Medical
Commissioner Healthcare Commission UK (2004 - ). Regional Sub-Dean, Royal Society of Medicine, Lancashire and Cumbria Division. Member Editorial Board, Hospital Medicine. Consultant Physician in Medicine for the Elderly, East Lancs NHS Trust.

Dr Ann Smalldridge BMedSci BM BS FRCGP, Medical
GP in Salford and director of Salford Health Matters CIC. GP Tutor at Reache North West - Education Centre for Refugee Health Professionals. Member of BMA and RCGP (Fellow). GP with specialist interest in sexual health for Salford PCT.

Mr Desmond G Smith JP LLM MCIM, Lay
Formerly: Director/Manager – Business Enterprise and Training Centre; Assistant County Clerk, Chief Executive – Race Equality Council and Youth and Community Adviser; Non-Executive Director CHS Trust, Board Member – South Yorkshire Probation Service and Board of Vistor. Currently: Member Employment Appeal Tribunal, Criminal Injuries Compensation Appeal Panel (Chairing); Magistrate (Sheffield) Chair of Youth Panel and chairing Adult Courts; Chair SADACCA; Consultant - Employment Law Discrimination; Diversity Mentor, Appraiser and Mediator; Member of Chartered Institute of Management.

Dr Michael Smith MBChB MPhil FRCP(E) FRCPCH, Medical
Fellow of Royal College of Physicians (Edinburgh), Fellow of Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. M.Phil. Medical Law and Ethics, Present posts – Medical Advisor JCJ Locums, Previous posts – Clinical Director, Child Health, Bradford Hospitals (1990-93); Medical Director, (full time), Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust (Oct 1993 – June 2004); Associate Medical Director, Consultant Contract Implementation Team 9April 2004 – March 2005); Medical Advisor, Consultant Contract Benefits Realisation Team (April 2005 – May 2006); Regional Clinical Director NHS Professionals (April 2004 – April 2005); Medical Advisor, South Yorkshire Strategic Health Authority (December 2004 – October 2005).

Dr Roger Smith MB ChB FRCP (Lond & Edin), Medical Retired full time but still part time Consultant Cardiologist N Tees & Hartlepool NHS Trust, Ex Vice President RCPEd, Lay (Public Interest) Member Practioner Certification Committee, Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland

Fellow of Royal Colleges of Physicians London and Edinburgh. Member British Cardiovascular Society.

Ms Fiona Sommerville RGN RM MA(Psych) MSc (Health Psych), Lay
Independent Midwifery Consultant. Midwifery Associate, Healthcare Risk Resources International/Capita. Expert Advisor - Complaints, Healthcare Commission. Clinical Governance Reviewer and Investigator, Healthcare Commission. Lay Associate, General Medical Council. Lay Member, British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy. Magistrate.

Mr Ian Spafford LLB (Hons) Newc: LLM: Solicitor, Lay
Head of Community Services and Litigation, Leeds City Council; Member of Law Society; Branch Secretary of the Yorkshire and the Humber Branch and Director/NEC. Member of Solicitors in Local Government Ltd; Trustee/Director of After Adoption (Yorkshire); Director of LGG Ltd.

Dr Dharmu Paul Srinivasan MBBS DPM FRCPsych, Medical
Emeritus Consultant Psychiatrist. Currently not in active clinical practice. Previous posts include the Foundation NHS Trust, Stafford and the Ministry of Defence (RAF College, Cranwell and MOD, Donnington). Currently, Medical Member of the (War) Pensions Appeal Tribunals. Past Chairman of the Indian Christian Organisation, Midlands. Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists.
Member, British Medical Association.

Dr Belinda Stanley BM FRCP, Medical
Consultant in Genitourinary Medicine. Chair, Cumbria and Lancashire Research Ethics Committee A. Trustee Eden Valley Hospice. Professional Bodies: British Association of Medical Managers, BMA, British Association for Sexual Health and HIV, Member MDU, Royal Society of Medicine, Royal College of Physicians.

Ms Susan Steel BSc (Hons) Biological Sciences, Lay
Currently Principal Officer, National Children's Bureau; National Manager, Anti-Bullying Alliance. Formerly, Deputy Chief Inspector/HM Magistrates Court Service. Previous experience in NHS Training & Development. Member of the Labour Party.

Dr Andrew Peter Stewart MB BS FRCGP DRCOG FPA Cert, Medical
Full-time Principal in General Practice. Interests: General Practice medicine, supporting stressed and sick doctors through the Local Medical Committee and the Devon & Cornwall GP Advisory Service. Member: Cornwall & Isles of Scilly Local Medical Committee, Assoc of Broadcasting Doctors. Medical Advisor, Devon & Cornwall General Practitioners Advisory Service. Fellow: Royal College of General Practitioners. Co-ordinator for GP Occupational Health Cornwall. Member: British Medical Association. Member of Cornwall & Isles of Scilly PCT Decision Making Group. Advisor to Cornwall & Isles of Scilly LMC on Cause for Concern Procedures and GP Occupational Health

Mrs Linda Stone OBE JP, BPharm, FRPharmS, Lay
Fellow, Royal Pharmaceutical Society of G.B. Lay Privy Council Appointee General Chiropractic Council. Chairman GCC Education Committee, Professional Conduct Committee. Accreditation team Leader RPSGB. Chairman, British Sjogren's Syndrome Association. Independent Member, Prescription Medicine Code of Practice Authority Appeal Board. Pharmacist member RPSGB Investigating Committee. Lay member Taxation Disciplinary Board Investigation Committee. Lay Vice Chairman Bar Standards Board Qualifications Committee. PMETB lay partner. West Midlands Police Authority Complaints Panellist. Trustee director RPSGB Staff Pension Fund.

Professor Nigel Clement Halley Stott CBE FRCGP BSc (Hons) MBChB FRCP FMed Sci, Medical
General Practice. Research, Medical Education, Medical Regulation. Emeritus Professor of General Practice, University of Wales. Chairman of Trial Steering Committees in Oxford & Cambridge Universities. Research Consultancy, University of Cardiff. Member: BMA. Governing Body of Church in Wales. Fellow: Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, Academy of Medical Sciences, Royal College of General Practitioners.

Dr Patrick Strong FRCR, Medical
a. Consultant radiologist : at Bolton Hospitals NHS Trust;Beaumont (private) Hospital, Bolton. Partner in 'Bolton Radiology' (private radiology practice). b. Member of: British Institute of Radiology, British Society of Skeletal Radiology, British Medical Ultrasound Society, British Medical Association, British Nuclear Medicine Society, Bolton Medical Society, Council of Bolton Medical Institute. c. Fellow of the Royal College of Radiologists.

Mrs Sandra Sturdy BSc/Physiotherapist, Lay
Physiotherapist (with Bobath Training): Partner in farm businesses. Former Chairman of Dorset Healthcare NHS Trust, Mental Health Act Manager, District Councillor, Healthcare Assistant, President of Relate(Bournemouth, Poole & Christchurch)

Dr Heather Suckling FRCGP, Medical
Life Member of the Medical Protection Society. Life Member of the Association of Course Organisers. Member of: The Balint Society. Fellow of the Royal College of General Practitioners. General Secretary of the International Balint Federation. Part-time Tutor in Professional Development to Medical students at the Royal Free and University College Medical School, London. Leader of a Balint Group for Medical Students. Chair of the Committee of the Congregation of Newington Green Unitarian Church, London.

Mr Neil C M Sykes JP BSc, Lay
Magistrate. Member of Lord Chancellor's Advisory Committee for Sheffield. Deputy Chair Consumer Council for Water Northern Region. Independent member of Rotherham MBC Standards Committee.Vice-Chair North Sheffield NHS Research Ethics Committee.


Dr Ali S Taha MD (Glasgow) PhD (Glasgow) FRCP (Glasgow); FRCP (Edinburgh) AGAF (USA), Medical
Current post/s or professional background and interests: Service Director in General Medicine and Allied Specialities. Consultant & Honorary Senior Lecturer, University of Glasgow. Fellow & Examiner: Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons of Glasgow. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. Member of the Scottish Society for Experimental Medicine. Member of the British Society of Gastroenterology. Fellow of the American Gastroenterological Association. Member of the British Medical Association. Member of the Medical Protection Society. Clinical /Basic Medical Research and Audit in General Medicine & Gastroenterology. Committees: Research & Development Committee. Chairman, Medical Clinical Governance Committee. Partner, Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board (PMETB). Member, American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

Mr David Taylor Chartered MIPD JP
Non-Ex Director and Deputy Chairman of Vale of Glamorgan Health Board. Chairman of the Clinical Governance Committee. Magistrate and Deputy Chairman of the Vale of Glamorgan Bench. member of the Lord Chancellor`s Advisory Committee for the appointment of Magistrates. Chairman of the Penarth Youth Project, a Charity providing an information and advisory service for young people aged 11-25. Retired Head of Personnel.

Mrs Helena Taylor JP BA MAC
Former BBC Television Executive Producer; Personal Development and Executive Coach; Magistrate; Member of the Association for Coaching; Coach/Mentor - Open University; Freelance Broadcaster; Member of local Church Council. Member of West Midlands Probation Board. Lay Panellist for the Nursing and Midwifery Council.

Ms Elana Tessler Bachelor of Social Work
Independent Member, Parole Board for England and Wales. Former Senior Probation Officer, National Probation Service. Reserve Independent Member, Standards Committee, Weymouth & Portland Borough Council.

Dr Nagarajah Thevamanoharan MB BS MRCGP LMSSA DFFP, Medical
General Practitioner. Member of the RCGP, Member of the BMA, Medical Member - Appeals Tribunal Panel (Social Security), GP Appraiser-Wales, Member of the Statutory Committee (Health) - The Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, Peer Reviewer- Healthcare Inspectorate of Wales.

Mr Roger Thompson MA Diploma Social Work, Lay
Social Services Management. Vol Org Management. Chair of York & District. MIND. Chair City of York Safeguarding Children Board. Adjudication Member Solicitor's Regulation Authority. Inspector Health Care Commission.

Mr Guy Thorburn MB BS BMedSci MRCS (Eng) MA, Medical
Specialist Registrar in Plastic Surgery, Pan Thames Rotation: Great Ormond Street Hospital.
MA (Health Care Ethics & Law) - University of Manchester.
Member: Royal College of Surgeons of England, BMA, Medical Protection Society, Old Carthusian Medical Society.

Mrs Alison Thorne SRN, Lay
Member, Advisory Board, Faculty of General Dental Practitioners. Member, Professions Complementary to Dentistry Board, Faculty of General Dental Practitioners. Previously: Non-Executive Director, Royal Surrey County Hospital NHS Trust; Non-Executive Director, Broadmoor Hospital Authority; Member, Surrey Police Authority; Chairman, City Women's Network.

Mrs Janice Torbet BA (Hons) (English); Dip.Ed; Post Graduate Certificate in Education; MA in Business Admin; Institute of Personnel Management Diploma, Lay
Associate Director of Human Resources - NHS Tayside; Lay Member of Employment Tribunals (Scotland); Member of Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.

Mr Brendan Treanor BEd (Hons), Lay
Head Teacher - retired.

Mrs Janice Turner BA (Hons) , Lay
Lay Member, Surrey Research Ethics Committee. Owner of a Training and Consultancy Company providing training on research ethics to NHS organisations and pharmaceutical companies. Honorary Treasurer Dorking Group Amnesty Internatiional. Lay Assessor, QOF, Surrey PCT. Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine. Patient Advocate for the Diabetes Research Network. Membership of working groups with National Research Ethics Service


Dr Abhay Vaidya MD FRCA, Medical
Consultant Anaesthetist, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust; Ex College Tutor, Royal College of Anaesthetists. Member AAGBI; Fellow, Royal College of Anaesthetists; examiner, ICMRCS; Medical Member of PMETB Appeal Panel. Member, Medical Protection Society. Honorary Visiting Fellow, University of Bolton. MB ChB Examiner, University of Manchester.

Ms Nalini Singh Varma BA (Hons) Sociology CQSW, Lay
Qualified Social worker with majority experience in voluntary sector reaching Chief Executive level. Lay member of CICAP. Former Board member, Children & Families Court Advisory Service (CAFCASS). Trustee, Comic Relief. England Committee. Member of the Big Lottery Fund.

Dr Francis Vaz MBBS FRCP (Lond) FRCP (Edin), Medical
Consultant Physician, Honorary Senior Lecturer, Warwick Medical School; Adviser Health Care Commission. Examiner, Royal College of Physicians Edinburgh, Past Clinical Director South Warwickshire General Hospitals NHS Trust. Former Member, Local Research & Ethics Committee. Former adviser National Clinical Assessment Service.

Dr Margaret Vickers PhD, Lay
Associate Director, Hertfordshire Primary Care Research Network; Research Director, Clinical Trials Coordinating Centre, University of Hertfordshire; Chair, Primary Care Research Management and Governance Collaborative, Hertfordshire Primary Care Trust

Professor Sobhan Vinjamuri MD MSc FRCP, Medical
Consultant in Nuclear Medicine, Royal Liverpool University Hospital; Honorary Professor, Liverpool John Moores University; Fellow, Royal College of Physicians of London; Member, Appeals Panels of PMETB; Council Member, British Nuclear Medicine Society (2003-2006); Member of Specialty Advisory Committee - Nuclear Medicine of Royal College of Physicians (05-); Member, Liverpool Research Ethics Committee; Member, Accreditation Panels for Research Ethics Committees; Medical Advisor (Complaints) , Healthcare Commission.


Mr John Walsh BA (Hons) History and Politics. Fellow of Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development, Lay
Human Resources Consultant. Fellow, Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Lay Member, Employment Tribunals. Vice Chair of Governors, St Thomas Becket School, London SE25.

Dr Helen Walters MBChB MRCGP DRCOG MFPH Dip Health Management MSc PH, Medical
Consultant in Public Health Medicine, Portsmouth City Teaching PCT. Fellow of Faculty of Public Health. Governor of Eqqars Community School. Member: BMA, MPS, Liberal Democrat Party.

Dr Kevin Walters MA PhD FCIS FCIPD Barrister, Lay
Part-time Immigration Judge. Part-time Legal Chairman, Tribunals Service.

Dr John Watson BA FRCP FFPHM, Medical
Director of Public Health, Northern Health & S S Board; Member BMA; Member MDU; Fellow Faculty of Public Health; Fellow Royal College of Physicians (London); Member Appeals Panel PMETB; Member Finance & Audit Cttee. Faculty of Public Health; Member Public Health. Medicine Consultative Cttee. (BMA & FPH); Fellow Ulster Medical Society; Chairman Northern Investing for Health Partnership. Member Dunadry Residents Association.

Dr Stephen Webster MA MD FRCP GP, Medical
Retired NHS Hospital Consultant. Retired Consultant Geriatrician & General Physician. Member British Geriatrics Soc. Member BMA. Benefit Appeals Service. President, Cambridge Age Concern. Chairman, Campaign Tackling Acquired Deafness. Trustee, Council & Care. Independent Member of Police Misconduct Panels. Member of MDU. Healthcare Commission Clinical Adviser.

Mr Christopher Wheeler, Lay
Previously Chief Probation Officer, Wiltshire Probation Service. Lay member for the Mental Health Review Tribunal. Former member of The Parole Board for England and Wales.

Mrs Kathryn Whitehill DIP Occ Ther BA (Hons) Cert Health Service Management Masters Public, Lay
Occupational Therapist in NHS for 20 years. Also Senior Manager in Public Health, Health Authorities and Acute Hospital Trusts. Currently final academic stage of barrister training.

Professor J M A Whitehouse MA MD FRCP FRCP(Ed) FRCR FMed Sci, Medical
Professor of Medical Oncology (Emeritus), Imperial College Past: Vice Principal, Imperial College. School of Medicine; Dean of Charing Cross & Westminster School of Medicine; Director, Wessex Regional Medical Oncology Unit, Southampton. Governor: Canford School, Dorset; St Swithun's School, Winchester; City of London School.

Mrs Kay Elizabeth Whittle BA (Hons) Diploma in Social Work, Lay
Retired, Director of Social Services, Cumbria County Council (1991-1998). Deputy Director Social Services, Cleveland CC (1989-1991). General Dental Council, Fitness to Practise Panellist. Governor and Director, The Retreat Hospital, York. Member: St John Council Cumbria.

Dr Fay Wilson MB ChB FRCGP DCH DRCOG, Medical
General Practice. Clinical interest- diabetes. Organisational interests- out of hours urgent care, practice organisation, primary care development, poorly performing doctors & regulations. NHS GP (part-time). Medical Director, Birmingham & District GP Emergency Rooms Ltd (BADGER). Medical Secretary, Londonwide LMCS. Member, BMA GP Committee. Member: BMA UK Council.

Dr Joseph Wilton MB BS DCH DRCOG MRCGP, Medical
Sessional general practitioner. Currently with sessions as:
1. GP appraiser – Hebrides Islands
2. CPD Coordinator - protected learning time scheme for primary care in Scottish Borders
3. Medical Officer - Edinburgh Prison
4. Director – Educational Providers Accreditation Scheme Scotland (EPASS), run by RCGP

Member, Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP)
Ex-GP Trainer, 1985- 1995

Miss Naomi Winnifrith, BA (Hons) English Literature St Peter's College, Oxford. (Currently studying for MA in Psychotherapy at Minster Centre, London), Lay
Previously employed by Oxfordshire Mind.

Mr Alan Wood MB BS LRCP MRCS FRCS, Medical
Cardiothoracic Surgery. Adult Cardiac & Pulmonary Medicine. Lead Consultant Cardiothoracic Surgeon (Barts & London NHS Trust). Cardiac & Pulmonary Surgery. Particularly interested in audit & appraisal.

Mr Peter R Worobec, Lay
Retired Assistant Chief Constable - Suffolk Constabulary. Independent Chair of Suffolk Safeguarding Children Board. Chair of Governors, East Bergholt High School, Suffolk.

Mrs Judith Sonia May Worthington BSc Special Hons Chemistry. Postgraduate Diploma- Child Protection, Lay
Non executive director and chair of clinical governance committee, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust. Deputy chair General Chiropractic Council, chair of audit committee, member of professional conduct committee. Deputy Chair, Investigating Committee, Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. Council member, Council for Healthcare Regulatory Excellence. Member of Appointments Board, Nursing and Midwifery Council. Lay Reviewer, Royal College of Surgeons Invited Review Mechanism. Chair, Leicester Medical School fitness to practise committee. Magistrate and Court chairman, Melton and Rutland Bench. Lay member, Bar Standards Board Complaints Committee. Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Dr Peter Wright MB ChB FRCA Dip Medical Acupuncture (BMAS) MSc Medical
Consultant in Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine, Southern Health and Social Care Trust (NI). Consultant member Appeal Tribunals Service (Northern Ireland). Consultant advisor to PACE (Pain Collaboration & Exchange) CCA. Partner PMETB, medical, part-time. Member of: a. British Medical Association, b. British Pain Society; c. Royal College of Anaesthetists d. Medical Defence Union; e. Northern Ireland Pain Society.


Mr Brian Yates MA MSc FRSA Eur Ing., Lay
Chairman, Consumers' Association 1994 - 2007. Member: Immigration Appeal Tribunal. Member: Insolvency Licensing Committee ICAEW. Member: Borderline Products Committee MHRA. Public Member Network Rail. Chartered Materials Engineer.


Dr Ronald Zeegen OBE MB BS MRCS DRCOG FRCP, Medical
Honorary Consultant Physician and Gastro-enterologist, Chelsea & Westminster Hospital (London). Medical Adviser to the Speaker of the House of Commons. Formerly: Honorary Clinical Senior Lecturer at Imperial College School of Medicine. Honorary Physician and Gastro-enterologist to the Royal Marsden and Royal Brompton Hospitals and the Royal Hospital, Chelsea. Honorary Physician to the Newspaper Press Fund. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. Fellow in Gastro-enterology to the European Union of Medical Specialists. Council Member of the GMC 1999-2003. Freemason. Member of the Garrick Club, Medical Society of London, Harverian Society, Hunterian Society, Chelsea Clinical Society (President 2007-2008), Fountain Club and the British Academy of Gastronomes.

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Professor Obi Duly Notes that England's Chief Medical Officer , Professor Dame Doctor Sally Davies , has publicly admitted eating quite a Few Cannabis Cookies (Several Times) , while seriously Studying Medicine at Manchester University.

Doctor Obi Further Notes also that she Duly Stopped Munching On Them thereabouts the 3rd or 4th Occasion ; after experiencing Horrible Hallucinations.

Joseph Chikelue Obi is Still Lucidly Wondering whether a Black Medical Doctor in such a Top Government Position would have easily gotten away with such a Belated Public Confession (Albeit Purely Historical) ?

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Whenever a White UK Doctor does Something Unique , he is Institutionally Labelled a Genius , a Sage and a Saint.

On the Other Hand , whenever a Black UK Doctor does Something Unique , he is Institutionally Labelled a Quack , a Fantasist , a Lunatic and an Imbecile ; irrespective of any Overwhelming Evidence to the Contrary.

If a White British Doctor , like the Utterly Shameless Medical Manslaughterer (& Former GMC President / Chairman) Lord Professor Sir Dr Mr Graeme Robertson Dawson Catto MD DSc FRCP , had lawfully achieved even up to half of what I have personally done so far , then (perhaps) Good Old Jolly Mrs Windsor would have (by now) Gleefully Abdicated her (Blinged-Up) National Throne , in Total Deference to him and all that he duly stands for.

Let it therefore be publicly known that I (Joseph Chikelue Obi) am Exceedingly Proud of My (Highly Controversial) Past ; and will incessantly continue to Boldly Fight against the Racist General Medical Council (Come What May) , right until the Very Damn Day that it Ultimately Ceases to Exist .

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BMJ 2011; 342:d1817 doi: 10.1136/bmj.d1817

(Published on : 05 April 2011)

Cite this as: BMJ 2011; 342:d1817

Place of medical qualification and outcomes of UK General Medical Council “fitness to practise” process: cohort study.

Charlotte Humphrey, professor of health care evaluation (*1),
Shaista Hickman, research associate (*1),
Martin C Gulliford, professor of public health (*2)

+ Author Affiliations

(*1). Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King’s College London, London SE1 8WA, UK
(*2). Department of Primary Care and Public Health Sciences, King’s College London, London SE1 3QD

Correspondence To : C Humphrey

Accepted on : 01 February 2011


Objectives : To evaluate whether country of medical qualification is associated with “higher impact” decisions at different stages of the UK General Medical Council’s (GMC’s) “fitness to practise” process after allowing for other characteristics of doctors and inquiries.

Design : Retrospective cohort study.

Setting : Medical practice in the United Kingdom.

Participants : 7526 inquiries to the GMC concerning 6954 doctors.

Main Outcome Measures : Proportion of inquiries referred for further investigation at initial triage by the GMC, proportion of inquiries investigated that were subsequently referred for adjudication, and proportion of inquiries resulting in doctors being erased or suspended from the medical register; relative odds of higher impact decisions, by country of qualification, adjusted for doctors’ sex, years since primary medical qualification, medical specialty, source and type of inquiry, and nature of allegations.

Results : Of 7526 inquiries, 4702 concerned doctors who qualified in the UK, 624 concerned doctors who qualified elsewhere in the European Union (EU), and 2190 concerned doctors who qualified outside the EU. At the initial triage, 30% (n=1398) of inquiries concerning doctors who qualified in the UK had a high impact decision, compared with 43% (267) for doctors who qualified elsewhere in the EU and 46% (998) for those who qualified outside the EU. The adjusted relative odds of an inquiry being referred for further investigation were 1.67 (95% confidence interval 1.28 to 2.17) for doctors who qualified elsewhere in the EU and 1.61 (1.38 to 1.88) for those who qualified outside the EU, compared with doctors who qualified in the UK. At the investigation stage, 5% (228) of inquiries received concerning UK qualified doctors were referred for adjudication, compared with 10% for EU (63) or non-EU (221) qualified doctors. The adjusted relative odds of referral for adjudication were 2.14 (1.46 to 3.16) for doctors who qualified elsewhere in the EU and 1.68 (1.31 to 2.16) for those who qualified outside the EU. At the adjudication stage, 1% (69) of inquiries received concerning UK qualified doctors led to erasure or suspension, compared with 4% (24) for doctors who qualified elsewhere in the EU and 3% (71) for non-EU qualified doctors. The adjusted relative odds of erasure or suspension were 2.16 (1.22 to 3.80) for doctors who qualified elsewhere in the EU and 1.48 (1.00 to 2.19) for those who qualified outside the EU.

Conclusions : Inquiries to the GMC concerning doctors qualified outside the UK are more likely to be associated with higher impact decisions at each stage of the fitness to practice process. These associations were not explained by measured inquiry related and doctor related characteristics, but residual confounding cannot be excluded.

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Professor Dr Joseph Obi - Key Regulatory Recommendations in the Wake of the Current GMC (MPTS) Scandal

10 Short Term Regulatory Recommendations , as at the 31st Day of March 2018 :

* Immediately Strip the GMC (General Medical Council) of its Right to Appeal Against MPTS (Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service) Decisions.

* Immediately Strip the GMC (General Medical Council) of its Exclusive Right to Refer Cases to the MPTS. This can easily be done by ensuring that the MPTS ethically follows a Similar Fashion to the Stellar Model of the Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal ; thus allowing the MPTS TO READILY ACCEPT DIRECT REFERRALS FROM THE GENERAL PUBLIC , THE MEDICAL PROFESSION , AND THE MEDICAL REGULATORS (Subject to an Impartial MPTS Evidential Test).

* Immediately Ensure that Former GMC (General Medical Council) President Graeme Robertson Dawson Catto is Duly Probed without Any Special Treatment ; just like Other Medical Doctors have (So Far) Been.

* Immediately Ensure that Former GMC (General Medical Council) President Graeme Robertson Dawson Catto is Formally Referred to the Police ; just like Other Medical Doctors have (So Far) Been.

* Immediately Ensure that All Conduct Complaints against the Chairperson of the MPTS (and other Relevant MPTS Tribunal Members) fully come under the Jurisdiction of the JCIO (Judicial Conduct Investigations Office). All JCIO Disciplinary Decisions against them will also be Publicly Accessible on the JCIO Website ; as currently occurs with other Tribunal Members Elsewhere.

* Immediately Sack the (current) Chief Executive of the General Medical Council (GMC).

* Immediately Sack the (current) President (Chairman) of the General Medical Council (GMC).

* Immediately Sack the (current) FTP (Fitness-To-Practise) Director of the General Medical Council (GMC).

* Immediately Conduct a Thorough , Independent and Impartial Review into All GMC FTP (Fitness-To-Practise) Cases from it's Inception , To Date.

* Immediately Set Aside All GMC FTP (Fitness-To-Practise) Decisions (and MPTS Decisions) from the Inception of the GMC , To Date ; as the Gross Regulatory Failure of the GMC to Statutorily Probe (EX GMC President) Grame Robertson Dawson Catto is more than Enough Evidence to Indicate (Both) Institutional Regulatory Bias and Institutional Regulatory Corruption.

4 Long Term (Regulatory) Recommendations , as at the 31st Day of March 2018 :

* Permanently Upgrade the MPTS (Medical Practitioners Tribunal Service) into a HPTS (Healthcare Professionals Tribunal Service) for All UK Healthcare Professionals (e.g Doctors , Dentists . Nurses , Pharmacists, Therapists and Hospital Managers etc).

* Permanently Strip the Relevant Healthcare Regulators (The Statutory Healthcare Regulatory Bodies) of the Right to Appeal Against HPTS (Healthcare Professionals Tribunal Service) Decisions.

* Permanently Strip the Healthcare Regulators of any Exclusive Rights to Refer Cases to the HPTS (Healthcare Professionals Tribunal Service). This can easily be done by ensuring that the HPTS ethically follows a Similar Fashion the Stellar Model of the Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal ; thus allowing the HPTS TO READILY ACCEPT DIRECT REFERRALS FROM THE GENERAL PUBLIC , THE HEALTHCARE PROFESSION , AND THE HEALTHCARE REGULATORS (Subject to an Impartial HPTS Evidential Test).

* Immediately Ensure that All Conduct Complaints against the Chairperson of the HPTS (Healthcare Professionals Tribunal Service) , and other Relevant HPTS Tribunal Members, fully come under the Jurisdiction of the JCIO (Judicial Conduct Investigations Office). All JCIO Disciplinary Decisions against them will also be Publicly Accessible on the JCIO Website ; as currently occurs with other Tribunal Members Elsewhere.


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We Also (Lawfully) Assist the Following Categories of Medical School Dropouts to Legitimately get their Medical Careers back on Track :

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According to the Sunday Times (27th of August 2017):

Nearly 1,600 of Britain’s brightest students have been asked to leave medical degrees or have dropped out in the past five years, costing the taxpayer millions.

Data from more than 30 medical schools, released under freedom of information laws, reveals that nearly 1,200 British students, most with top grades at A-level, left with no qualification.

Others changed course or were awarded a BSc.

One expert spoke of an “epidemic” of mental health problems among students and said more support was needed. Another, Professor of education said: “This level of attrition is a terrible waste of public money as well as being desperately sad for the individuals concerned.”

It costs about £250,000 to Train a Doctor in the UK (at Basic Medical School Degree Level).


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*Key Differences Medical Licensing Council (MLC) , previously known as the Medical Licentiates Consortium (MLC) and the Medical Licensing Commission (MLC) General Medical Council (GMC)
Jurisdiction International United Kingdom
Licentiate Practising Rights Global United Kingdom
Leadership Structure Worldwide Residents (Multi - Racial) United Kingdom Residents (Mainly White Caucasian)
Licensure Format 50 Year Fixed Tenure, without any Annual Hassles or Complications Annual (at the sole discretion of the GMC)
Basic Licensure Cost Basic Licensure : Less than 50 Pence (50p) Per Month ( Payable as a one-off Fee for the whole 50 Year Tenure). Basic MLC Licensure is Totally Different from the Special MLC License for Qualified Medical Doctors. One Year of Basic General Medical Council Licensure (and Registration) costs more than the whole 50 Year Basic MLC Offering.
Licensure Fee Increments Permanently Fixed from the day you join Not Permanently Fixed from the day you join
Scope of Clinical Practise Multiple Grey Areas within Orthodox Conventional Clinical Medicine which are not exclusive to GMC Licensed Doctors (i.e those duties which are performed by those who do not have GMC Licensure e.g Nurses, Pharmacists, Therapists, Technicians etc) ; PLUS Self-Care, Self-Help, Empowerment , Alternative Medicine , Traditional Medicine , Non- Surgical Cosmetic Procedures, Anti-Ageing , Mind Therapies, Energy Healing , Bodywork , Natural Fertility Support, Advanced Wellness Interventions , OTC Remedies etc Orthodox Conventional Clinical Medicine Only
Professional Liability Insurance Worldwide Cover from a wide range of International Organizations The GMC Requires Compulsory Insurance from Medical Defence Union and Medical Protection Societies within the UK
Certificate of Good Standing A 50 Year Certificate is Automatically Issued to each Licentiate upon Formal MLC Certification The GMC has Full Control of it's Registrant's Certificate of Good Standing ; and usually refuses to issue it directly to them.
Disciplinary Procedures All Formal MLC Complaints are officially forwarded directly to the Licentiates Themselves , for onward consideration and Possible Transmission to their Appropriate Professional Indemnity Providers (Insurers). The MLC will never Suspend or Erase or Strike Off . There are no Fanciful Public Show Trials either The GMC prouldy seems to formidably display a relatively unquenchable thirst for Excruciatingly Humiliating Public Disciplinary Hearings ; together with Draconian Suspension and Erasure Powers
Damage (Crisis) Control , When Things Go Wrong The Medical Licensing Council (MLC) , previously known as the Medical Licentiates Consortium (MLC) and the Medical Licensing Commission (MLC) always helps it's Licentiates to get back on their feet again - and Fly . . . The General Medical Council almost always seems to publicly rejoice whenever Precious Medical Careers sadly seem to be Helplessly Sinking down the drain . . .
Statutory Name Medical Licensing Council (MLC) , previously known as the Medical Licentiates Consortium (MLC) and the Medical Licensing Commission (MLC) General Medical Council
Professional Title of Registrants Medical Licentiate (MLC Consultant) General Medical Council (GMC) Registered Medical Practitioner
Exclusive Professional Prefix for Registrants Medical Licentiates (MLC Consultants) can either apply for their very own unique MLC Prefix Title - or lawfully use their original Doctor Title if they so wish , provided that they do not describe themselves as being a General Medical Council (GMC) Registered Medical Practitioner None. The GMC does not hold any Exclusive Statutory Rights to the title of Doctor.
Private Clinic Opportunities Medical Licentiates (MLC Consultants) can swiftly set up their very own Private Clinics immediately their MLC License , Professional Indemnity Insurance and Immigration Formalities (if necessary) are in place. The General Medical Council Establishment often prevents it's Registrants from running their very own Private Clinics ; especially those who are relatively young in the Medical Profession.

Professor Obi Blog | Medical Council News | Ireland Leads The Way | No Immunity For Former Medical Council President | Source - Irish Times | Click Here For The Full Article

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A former president of the Irish Hospital Consultants’ Association has been found guilty of “poor professional performance” by a fitness to practice inquiry of the Medical Council.

Dr Colm Quigley is the clinical director at Wexford General Hospital and is himself a former president of the Medical Council.

The findings will now be forwarded to the board of the Medical Council who will deliberate and decide on what sanctions – if any – will be imposed on Dr Quigley.

The finding of poor professional performance of a doctor is distinct from from from the more serious accusation of “professional misconduct”, which was not levelled against him.

The case relates to a patient – known only as Patient X – who was referred by his GP to Dr Quigley’s private clinic at the Ely Hospital at Ferrybank, Co Wexford on August 27, 2009.

Patient X was said to have been suffering from a number of complaints including low sodium in the blood.

After the consultation, Dr Quigley wrote to Patient X’s GP and said he would be carrying out a series of tests on Patient X. These tests were never carried out. Patient X died of inoperable lung cancer on April 16th, 2011. There is no allegation that Dr Quigley caused deterioration in the patient’s health or in any way contributed to his death.

Dr Quigley told the inquiry he believed subsequent examination of medical records had shown Patient X had not contracted the cancer that killed him in 2010 – and so the missing tests in 2009 could not have revealed it.

However, the committee found Dr Quigley was guilty of “poor professional performance” in failing to arrange the tests, failing to recognise the tests had not been carried out, and failing to have “any adequate system” in place for tracking or monitoring tests.

He was also guilty of failing to “respond adequately” to letters and phone calls over a number of months by Patient X, his wife, and his GP enquiring as to why the tests had not yet been carried out.

It was proven beyond reasonable doubt that Dr Quigley, in or after the first consulation in August, failed to “ensure” the tests were carried out – but this was not deemed to constitute “poor professional performance”.

Dr Quigley was found not guilty of allegations that at consultations in August and December 2009, he failed to take “any adequate history” or undertake “any adequate examination” of Patient X.

He was also found not guilty of an allegation that he “failed to maintain adequate records in respect of the care afforded” to Patient X.

During closing statements, Neasa Bird, for the Medical Council, said Dr Quigley had been unable to provide an explanation or excuse as to why the series of tests were not carried out.

The crux of the prosecution case hung on the argument that Dr Quigley had not been responsible for one mistake, but “a series of errors over a long period of time”. She said this amounted to a case of poor professional performance.

In his closing statement, Paul Anthony McDermott, counsel for Dr Quigley, said his client’s position was the same as it had been from the outset – that “a mistake” had occurred.

He said Dr Quigley had an otherwise “unblemished” record.

“What this case does establish is that paper-based systems can go wrong. Ireland is moving towards computer-based systems which should ensure that something like this never happens again.”

He said it was “ironic” that Dr Quigley was the subject of an inquiry having “spent much of his time protecting patients in the role as clinical director (at Wexford General Hospital)”.

Concerning allegations from the Medical Council that Dr Quigley had implicated himself with an admission that his handling of Patient X had “fallen below (his) standards”, Mr McDermott said this was “unfair”.

“His standards are unusually high and he has been a perfectionist. It’s unfair to turn that approach on him and use his own evidence to condemn him. He said ‘I wanted to do better’ and that is being used against him.”

The committee heard Dr Quigley has made “significant changes” to his practice, including the reduction of the number of patients he sees. “He is making changes to make sure this never happens again,” added Mr McDermott.

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Michaelmas Term
[2017] UKSC 71
On appeal from: [2016] EWCA Civ 172


Michalak (Respondent) v General Medical Council and others (Appellants)


Lady Hale Lord Mance Lord Kerr Lord Wilson Lord Hughes


1 November 2017

Heard on 4 July 2017
Appellants Respondent John Bowers QC William Edis QC Ivan Hare QC Adam Ohringer
(Instructed by GMC Legal)
(Instructed by RadcliffesLeBrasseur (Leeds))

Intervener (Solicitors Regulation Authority) Catherine Callaghan

Intervener (General Pharmaceutical Council) Adam Solomon
(Instructed by Fieldfisher)

Intervener (Equality and Human Rights Commission)
Robin Allen QC (Instructed by Equality & Human Rights Commission)

LORD KERR: (with whom Lady Hale, Lord Mance, Lord Wilson and Lord
Hughes agree)


1. Ewa Michalak began employment as a doctor with the Mid-Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust in April 2002. She remained in that employment until she was dismissed in July 2008. Following her dismissal, Dr Michalak brought an unfair dismissal claim against the Trust in the Employment Tribunal. The tribunal found that her dismissal had been unfair and contaminated by sex and race discrimination and victimisation. Dr Michalak received a compensation award and a public apology from the Trust.

2. Before the tribunal had issued its determination, and, on foot of Dr Michalak’s dismissal, the Trust had reported her to the General Medical Council (the GMC) in relation to her conduct, so that the question of whether she should continue to be registered as a medical practitioner could be considered. The Trust later accepted that there had not been proper grounds on which to refer her to the GMC. She remains registered as a medical practitioner, therefore.

3. In the meantime, however, the GMC had begun fitness to practise proceedings against Dr Michalak under Part V of the Medical Act 1983. She claims that the GMC discriminated against her in the way in which it pursued those proceedings. She also alleges that the discrimination extended to the GMC’s failure to investigate complaints that she had made against other doctors employed by the Trust.

4. Dr Michalak presented a claim to the Employment Tribunal in relation to these complaints in August 2013. The respondents named on the application form were the GMC, Niall Dickson, its chief executive, and Simon Haywood, an investigation officer of the GMC. They are the current appellants, although for all intents and purposes, the effective appellant is the GMC. It is agreed that the second
and third appellants’ cases do not require separate consideration.

5. The appellants applied to have Dr Michalak’s complaint to the tribunal struck out on the basis that the tribunal did not have jurisdiction to hear the claims. The complaints of discrimination and breach of contract against the GMC relating to the period before 1 October 2010 were struck out. The tribunal decided that it did have jurisdiction in relation to complaints regarding unlawful sex, race and disability
discrimination after that date but not in relation to breach of contract. So far as the complaints against the second and third appellants were concerned, the complaint was confined to one of unlawful discrimination and the tribunal considered that it had jurisdiction to entertain this complaint.

6. The appellants appealed, arguing that section 120(7) of the Equality Act 2010 precluded jurisdiction, since judicial review afforded an appeal for the acts complained of. The Employment Appeal Tribunal (Langstaff P) agreed and allowed the appeal. An appeal against that decision was successful before the Court of Appeal (Moore-Bick, Kitchin and Ryder LLJ) [2016] ICR 628. It held that the Employment Tribunal had jurisdiction to deal with Dr Michalak’s complaints and remitted the case to the tribunal for further case management.

7. The appeal to this court raises a single issue. It is whether the availability of judicial review proceedings in respect of decisions or actions of the first appellant excludes the jurisdiction of the Employment Tribunal by virtue of section 120(7) of the Equality Act.

Section 120(7)

8. Under section 120(1)(a) of the Equality Act, an employment tribunal has jurisdiction to determine a complaint relating to a person’s work. But section 120(7) provides that “subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a contravention of section 53 in so far as the act complained of may, by virtue of an enactment, be subject to an appeal or proceedings in the nature of an appeal”. Section 53 deals with discrimination by qualifications bodies. Section 54 defines qualifications bodies. In its material parts, it provides:

“(2) A qualifications body is an authority or body which can confer a relevant qualification.

(3) A relevant qualification is an authorisation, qualification, recognition, registration, enrolment, approval or certification which is needed for, or facilitates engagement in, a particular trade or profession.

(5) A reference to conferring a relevant qualification includes a reference to renewing or extending the conferment of a relevant qualification.”

9. All parties accept, therefore, that the GMC is plainly a qualifications body. It is an independent organisation which regulates the profession of doctors within the United Kingdom under the Medical Act 1983. Its main objective, under section
1(1A) of that Act, is “to protect, promote and maintain the health and safety of the public”. The GMC maintains the register of doctors and is responsible for certain undergraduate and postgraduate medical education, and for the training and revalidation of doctors. Under Part V of the Medical Act and the General Medical Council (Fitness to Practise) Rules 2004, the GMC has power to investigate complaints against doctors.

10. Under the “fitness to practise” jurisdiction, the GMC receives and considers complaints about medical practitioners. Where it is decided that the complaints warrant an inquiry, the GMC prepares the evidence and the drafting of allegations. Any hearing that follows is conducted by the Medical Practitioners’ Tribunal Service. It is described as a part of the GMC but is independent of it.

11. A decision to erase a medical practitioner’s name from the register or to suspend, or to impose conditions on his or her registration may be appealed to the High Court under sections 38 and 40 of the Medical Act. The High Court may allow the appeal and quash the original decision; it may also substitute a new decision for the original decision; or remit the matter for re-hearing.

12. The Medical Act also provides for various other types of appeal against fitness to practise decisions. To take an example, section 41A(10) states that the
“relevant court” has the power to terminate an interim order of suspension, and section 41A(14) states that “relevant court” has the same meaning as in section
40(5). Section 40(5) contains the definition of the “relevant court” as the High Court.
In effect, therefore, an appeal against the making of an interim order of suspension lies to the High Court. But neither this nor any of the other possible statutory avenues of appeal is relevant to the respondent’s position. Her complaints do not relate to any action by the GMC as to her registration. Her series of claims of discrimination on the part of the GMC relate to the manner in which it pursued its fitness to practise application and its failure to investigate her complaints against other doctors in the trust where she had been employed. No statutory appeal is available to her to pursue those complaints.

13. It is accepted, however, that she could seek judicial review of the decisions that are said to constitute the various acts of discrimination. The essential issue in
the case, therefore, is whether the availability of judicial review animates the exemption contained in section 120(7). This in turn depends on whether that remedy can properly be described as “a proceeding in the nature of the appeal” and whether it is available to the respondent “by virtue of an enactment”. It is important to note that both these conditions must be satisfied before section 120(7) comes into play. Both issues will have to be examined separately but, first, one must look at the context in which they require to be decided and that is provided principally by the Equality Act itself.

The Equality Act

14. The purpose of the Equality Act 2010, as explained in the Explanatory Memorandum (para 10), is “to harmonise discrimination law, and to strengthen the law to support progress on equality”. The Act repealed and replaced existing equality legislation, including the Equal Pay Act 1970, the Sex Discrimination Act
1975, the Race Relations Act 1976 and the Disability Discrimination Act 1995.

15. In these various items of legislation, Parliament provided for discrimination claims in the work, employment and occupation contexts to be dealt with by a specialist tribunal, first called the Industrial Tribunal and now known as the Employment Tribunal. The establishment of these specialist tribunals reflected the growing awareness of the importance which should be attached to equal treatment rights in the field of employment, not least because those rights are protected under European Union law - see, for instance, article 16 of the Framework Equality Directive (2000/78/EC) which required member states to take measures to ensure that any laws, regulations and administrative provisions contrary to the principle of equal treatment were abolished.

16. Not only was the Employment Tribunal designed to be a specialised forum for the resolution of disputes between employee and employer, it was given a comprehensive range of remedies which could be deployed to meet the variety of difficulties that might be encountered in the employment setting. Thus, for instance, the tribunal may make a declaration as to the rights of the complainant and the respondent in relation to the matters that arise in the proceedings before it (section
124(2)(a)); it may order a respondent employer to pay compensation to a complainant employee (section 124(2)(b)); and it may make a recommendation (section 124(2)(c)). If a recommendation is not followed, the tribunal has power
(under section 124(7)) to increase the award of compensation, or, if an award has
not been already made, to make one.

17. These considerations provide the backdrop to the proper interpretation of section 120(7). Part of the context, of course, is that appeals from decisions by
qualification bodies other than to the Employment Tribunal are frequently available. It would obviously be undesirable that a parallel procedure in the Employment Tribunal should exist alongside such an appeal route or for there to be a proliferation of satellite litigation incurring unnecessary cost and delay. Where a statutory appeal is available, employment tribunals should be robust in striking out proceedings before them which are launched instead of those for which specific provision has been made. Employment tribunals should also be prepared to examine critically, at an early stage, whether statutory appeals are available.

18. Parliament plainly intended that section 120(7) would exclude jurisdiction for certain challenges against decisions of qualification bodies. The rationale for doing so is plain. Where Parliament has provided for an alternative route of challenge to a decision, either by appeal or through an appeal-like procedure, it makes sense for the appeal procedure to be confined to that statutory route. This avoids the risk of expensive and time-consuming satellite proceedings and provides convenience for appellant and respondent alike. That rationale can only hold, however, where the alternative route of appeal or review is capable of providing an equivalent means of redress.

19. Quite apart from the range of remedies available to it, the Employment Tribunal, as a forum for dealing with complaints by employees concerning their employment, has distinct advantages for complainants. It is a specialist tribunal with expertise in hearing discrimination claims across a range of sectors; it is designed to be accessible to litigants in person; and it is generally a cost-free jurisdiction (Rule
74 of the Employment Tribunal Rules of Procedure).

Proceedings in the nature of an appeal

20. In its conventional connotation, an “appeal” (if it is not qualified by any words of restriction) is a procedure which entails a review of an original decision in all its aspects. Thus, an appeal body or court may examine the basis on which the original decision was made, assess the merits of the conclusions of the body or court from which the appeal was taken and, if it disagrees with those conclusions, substitute its own. Judicial review, by contrast, is, par excellence, a proceeding in which the legality of or the procedure by which a decision was reached is challenged. It is, of course, true that in the human rights field, the proportionality of a decision may call for examination in a judicial review proceeding. And there have been suggestions that proportionality should join the pantheon of grounds for challenge in the domestic, non-human rights field - see, for instance, Kennedy v Charity Commission (Secretary of State for Justice intervening) [2014] UKSC 20; [2015] AC 455, paras 51 and 54; and Pham v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Open Society Justice Initiative intervening) [2015] UKSC 19; [2015] 1 WLR 1591, paras 96, 113 and 115; and Keyu v Secretary of State for Foreign and
Commonwealth Affairs [2015] UKSC 69; [2016] AC 1355, paras 133, 143 and 274-
276. But an inquiry into the proportionality of a decision should not be confused with a full merits review. As was said in Keyu at para 272:

“… a review based on proportionality is not one in which the reviewer substitutes his or her opinion for that of the decision- maker. At its heart, proportionality review requires of the person or agency that seeks to defend a decision that they show that it was proportionate to meet the aim that it professes to achieve. It does not demand that the decision-maker bring the reviewer to the point of conviction that theirs was the right decision in any absolute sense.”

21. Judicial review, even on the basis of proportionality, cannot partake of the nature of an appeal, in my view. A complaint of discrimination illustrates the point well. The task of any tribunal, charged with examining whether discrimination took place, must be to conduct an open-ended inquiry into that issue. Whether discrimination is in fact found to have occurred must depend on the judgment of the body conducting that inquiry. It cannot be answered by studying the reasons the alleged discriminator acted in the way that she or he did and deciding whether that lay within the range of reasonable responses which a person or body in the position of the alleged discriminator might have had. The latter approach is the classic judicial review investigation.

22. On a successful judicial review, the High Court merely either declares the decision to be unlawful or quashes it. It does not substitute its own decision for that of the decision-maker. In that sense, a claim for judicial review does not allow the decision of the GMC to be reversed. It would be anomalous for an appeal or proceedings in the nature of an appeal to operate under those constraints. An appeal in a discrimination case must confront directly the question whether discrimination has taken place, not whether the GMC had taken a decision which was legally open to it.

23. The genesis of the view that judicial review was in the nature of an appeal lies in the obiter dictum observations of His Honour Judge McMullen QC in Tariquez-Zaman v General Medical Council (UKEAT/0292/06/DM). In that case, the issue was whether section 54(2) of the Race Relations Act 1976 (which was in similar terms to section 120(7) of the Equality Act) precluded the Employment
Tribunal from entertaining the complainant’s claim. Judge McMullen’s conclusion on the issue was obiter because the claimant had voluntarily relinquished his registration. There was therefore no action by the GMC on which Dr Zaman could found his claim. At para 31 of his judgment, Judge McMullen dealt with the argument that judicial review was in the nature of an appeal in these terms:
“… judicial review is aptly described as proceedings in the nature of an appeal. Judges in the administrative court are familiar with dealing with cases under the Medical Act in the form of appeals proper; thus, they constitute the obvious destination intended by Parliament for disputes of this nature, once a decision had been made at first instance. So, if I were required to make a decision, I would uphold the submission that section 54(2) ousts the jurisdiction of the ET because, in this case, proceedings can be brought by way of judicial review.”

24. Judge McMullen had relied on the decision of the Court of Appeal in the case of Khan v General Medical Council [1996] ICR 1032. In that case, the appellant’s application for full registration as a qualified medical practitioner had been refused by the GMC after a five-year maximum period of limited registration. His application for full registration in accordance with section 25 of the Medical Act
1983 was refused by the GMC. He then applied to the Review Board for Overseas
Qualified Practitioners for a review pursuant to section 29 of the Act. That application failed, as did a second application and request for review. The appellant then made a complaint to an industrial tribunal that he had been indirectly discriminated against on the ground of his race within the meaning of section 1(1)(b) of the Race Relations Act 1976, contrary to section 12(1) of the Act. On a preliminary issue the industrial tribunal found that the right under section 29 of the Medical Act 1983 to apply for a review of the decision of the General Medical Council was a proceeding, “in the nature of an appeal” for the purposes of section
54(2) of the Race Relations Act 1976 and the appellant’s right to present a claim
under section 54(1) was therefore excluded.

25. The appellant’s appeal to the Court of Appeal was, unsurprisingly, dismissed. It was clear that his application to the Review Board constituted a proceeding in the nature of an appeal. The question of whether judicial review, as opposed to review by a differently constituted body, would qualify as a proceeding in the nature of an appeal, was not germane to the issue in Khan. In Zaman, however, Judge McMullen found a passage from the judgment of Hoffmann LJ to be particularly instructive. At 1042, Hoffmann LJ had observed:

“It is a short question of construction which, in my judgment, admits of an easy answer, namely, ‘Yes’. Section 29 of the Act of 1983 allows the decision of the General Medical Council to be reversed by a differently constituted set of persons. For present purposes, I think that this is the essence of what is meant by ‘proceedings in the nature of an appeal’. I note that in Wootton v Central Land Board [1957] 1 WLR 424 Lord Evershed MR had to consider whether an application to the Lands Tribunal by a party who was dissatisfied with the
determination of a land value by the Central Land Board was in the nature of an appeal. He maintained that it was. He said that it might fairly be described as an appeal to another body having the right either of affirming the development value or
altering it.”

26. In saying that the decision could “be reversed by a differently constituted set of persons”, Hoffmann LJ did not have in mind a judicial review challenge, in my opinion. It was because the Review Board could, by the recommendation that they made to the President of the GMC, effectively reverse the decision of the GMC, that he considered that a review was in the nature of an appeal. The review by the Board was open-ended and the decision that they were entitled to reach was unconstrained and not inhibited by the circumstance that the GMC had reached a particular decision.

27. Hoffmann LJ did refer to judicial review later in his judgment. At p 1043, dealing with an argument that claimants such as Dr Khan were not able to pursue claims for race or sex discrimination if they were not permitted to make complaints to an industrial tribunal, he said this:

“For my part, I do not see why [an application for review under section 29] should not be regarded as an effective remedy against sex or race discrimination in the kind of case with which section 12(1) of the Race Relations Act 1976 deals. That concerns qualifications for professions and trades. Parliament appears to have thought that, although the industrial tribunal is often called a specialist tribunal and has undoubted expertise in matters of sex and racial discrimination, its advantages in providing an effective remedy were outweighed by the even greater specialisation in a particular field or trade or professional qualification of statutory tribunals such as the review board, since the review board undoubtedly has a duty to give effect to the provisions of section 12 of the Act of 1976: see per Taylor LJ in R v Department of Health, Ex p Gandhi [1991] ICR 805, 814. This seems to me a perfectly legitimate view for Parliament to have taken. Furthermore, section 54(2) makes it clear that decisions of the review board would themselves be open to judicial review on the ground that the board failed to have proper regard to the provisions of the Race Relations Act 1976. In my view, it cannot be said that the Medical Act 1983 does not provide the effective remedy
required by Community law.”
28. It is important to understand that Hoffmann LJ was not referring here to judicial review as a possible candidate for inclusion in the category of a proceeding in the nature of an appeal. His remarks in this passage were made in the context of an argument that, in order to have an effective remedy, a claimant had to be allowed to present a complaint to the industrial tribunal. He was merely pointing out that the availability of the review procedure, especially when considered with the opportunity to apply for judicial review of that review provided an adequate remedy.

29. More importantly, this passage emphasises the breadth of the review procedure. As Hoffmann LJ pointed out, the review board was bound to have proper regard to the provisions of the Race Relations Act. It could only do so by conducting a scrupulous inquiry as to whether the discrimination alleged had in fact taken place
- in other words, a full-blown inquiry into the allegations of discrimination was required. I do not consider, therefore, that the decision in Khan supports the proposition that section 54(2) ousted the jurisdiction of the Employment Tribunal because proceedings could have been brought by way of judicial review.

30. Judge McMullen returned to this theme in his later decision in Jooste v General Medical Council [2012] EQLR 1048. In that case Dr Jooste claimed that the acts of an “Interim Orders Panel” of the GMC suspending his registration were discriminatory under the Equality Act. Judge McMullen, sitting in the Employment Appeal Tribunal, upheld the decision of the Employment Tribunal, that it had no jurisdiction to hear the claimant’s complaints against the GMC as the remedy available in judicial review was an alternative statutory remedy under section
120(7). At para 44 of his judgment he said that “an appeal simply is the opportunity to have a decision considered again by a different body of people with power to overturn it.” For the reasons given earlier, I cannot agree with that statement. An appeal is different from a review of the legal entitlement to make a decision; it involves an examination of what decision should be taken in the dispute between the parties. The Court of Appeal in the present case concluded that Jooste had been wrongly decided. I agree.

By virtue of an enactment

31. The GMC accepts that when the provisions which preceded section 120(7) were originally enacted they did not exclude decisions subject to challenge by way of the prerogative writs. That is because judicial review originated as a common law procedure and not by virtue of any enactment. The appellant argues, however, that judicial review proceedings became proceedings “by virtue of an enactment” on the coming into force of the Senior Courts Act 1981. Section 31(1) of that Act provides:
“(1) An application to the High Court for one or more of the following forms of relief, namely -

(a) a mandatory, prohibiting or quashing order;

(b) a declaration or injunction under subsection (2);

(c) an injunction under section 30 restraining a person not entitled to do so from acting in an office to which that section applies,

shall be made in accordance with rules of court by a procedure
to be known as an application for judicial review.”

32. The appellants’ case misconstrues both section 31(1) of the Senior Courts Act and section 120(7) of the Equality Act 2010. It rests on a misunderstanding of the nature of judicial review. Judicial review is not a procedure which arises “by virtue of” any statutory source. Its origins lie in the common law. As Laws LJ said in R (Beeson) v Dorset County Council [2002] EWCA Civ 1812:

“The basis of judicial review rests in the free-standing principle that every action of a public body must be justified by law, and at common law the High Court is the arbiter of all claimed justifications.” (at para 17) [emphasis added]

See also the observations of Lady Hale in R (Cart) v The Upper Tribunal [2011] UKSC 28; [2012] 1 AC 663, para 37:

“… the scope of judicial review is an artefact of the common law whose object is to maintain the rule of law - that is to ensure that, within the bounds of practical possibility, decisions are taken in accordance with the law, and in particular the law
which Parliament has enacted, and not otherwise.”

33. Section 31 of the Senior Courts Act did not establish judicial review as a procedure, but rather regulated it. The remedies remain the same as those under the prerogative writs. All that section 31 does is to require that applications for judicial review be brought by way of a new procedure under the rules of court. The point
was put succinctly and clearly in terms with which I fully agree by Moore-Bick LJ
at para 53 of his judgment in the Court of Appeal in the present case, where he said:

“… the words ‘by virtue of an enactment’ in section 120(7) are directed to cases in which specific provision is made in legislation for an appeal, or proceedings in the nature of an appeal, in relation to decisions of a particular body, as, for example, in Khan v General Medical Council [1996] ICR 1032. They are not … intended to refer to the general right to seek judicial review merely because, since 1981, that happens to have been put on a statutory footing.”

34. Another way of looking at the question is to consider what the effect would be of the repeal of the 1981 Act. I suggest that the High Court’s jurisdiction would remain, even if the procedure by which it would have to be brought might require to be provided for in any amending legislation.

35. Section 120(7) is part of a carefully constructed statutory scheme. It is the most recent incarnation of similarly worded provisions in legislation such as is mentioned in para 14 above. Before 1981, there could have been no question of judicial review coming within any of the predecessor provisions. Given the importance of judicial review, it is to be assumed that Parliament would have had the procedure in mind when it formulated the phrase now contained in section
120(7). Had it, in 1981 or in 2010, intended to remove all decisions by qualification bodies whose decisions were susceptible to judicial review from the jurisdiction of the Employment Tribunal, one would surely expect that to be provided for expressly.


36. In my view, judicial review in the context of the present case is not in the nature of an appeal. Nor is it a remedy provided by reason of an enactment. I would dismiss the appeal.


37. I agree with Lord Kerr that the appeal should be dismissed broadly for the reasons he gives. My only additional observations are these:
i) I would not circumscribe the development of judicial review or its ability to cater, in appropriate circumstances, for close examination of a claim on its merits: see eg the authorities which Lord Kerr cites in para 20;

ii) judicial review may, in appropriate circumstances, lead the court to a conclusion that there exists only one possible outcome of a relevant legislative or executive decision-making process: see eg In re G (Adoption: Unmarried Couple) [2008] UKHL 38; [2009] AC 173, para 144;

iii) conventional appellate review is itself not infrequently circumscribed by considerations of respect for the original or first instance decision-maker: see eg the discussion in Assicurazioni Generali SpA v Arab Insurance Group (Practice Note) [2002] EWCA Civ 1642; [2003] 1 WLR 577; see also Datec Electronic Holdings Ltd v United Parcels Services Ltd [2007] UKHL 23; [2007] 1 WLR 1325.

38. Here, however, the Employment Tribunal offers the natural and obvious means of recourse in respect of the respondent’s surviving complaints. There is no need in this context to strain the ordinary usage or understanding of the concept of
“appeal” to embrace judicial review. In parenthesis, it is unsurprising to find that, where the Medical Act 1983 does allow an appeal, it does so expressly: section 40. Finally, the history, which Lord Kerr recounts under the rubric “By virtue of an enactment” in paras 31 to 35, points very strongly against judicial review having become, suddenly but silently in 1981, a relevant “appeal” for the purposes of the similarly worded predecessor provisions to section 120(7) of the Equality Act 2010.